Quality Distance Education for Early Childhood During the Corona Pandemic: The Perceptions of Female Teachers

  • Ibrahim Al-Hussein School of Education, Oxford Brookes University, UK
  • Aidah Mohammad School of Education, Oxford Brookes University, UK
  • Mona Al-Zahrani School of Education, Oxford Brookes University, UK


The corona (Covid-19) pandemic caused the closure of kindergarten institutions and schools around the world which forced higher authorities to shift focus towards online distance education. The impact of the pandemic was so severe that it affected almost a quarter of the people lives, public health and above all the education sectors. The present study was designed according to the Servqual Model using sample perceptions of early childhood parameters in Saudi Arabia and Jordan utilizing online questionnaires to collect the responses from 157 teachers.  The quality of the online education services provided for primary school children due to Covid-19 suffered greatly as the teachers were not accustomed to the technology of distance learning. The present study recommends the need to explore the research of the high level for primary school children’s study tool where teachers and parents will be able to deal with online platforms effectively. During the present unavoidable crisis, the article presents an easier and equitable platform for every child in the family.


Al- Sawalh, A. S. (2020). The effectiveness of using the e-book in developing the language skills of kindergarten students. Educational Science Studies, University of Jordan, 47(2), 601-616.
Algharib, H. (2010). E-Education, Cairo, Sinai Publishing House.
Al-Musa, N. A. (2018). Indicators of the Quality of Public Education in Saudi Arabia. Future of Arab Education Magazine, 15(114),133-176.
Al-Quraan, R. N. (2021). The reality of e-learning in light of the Corona pandemic in kindergartens in the Directorate of Education of Irbid I, unpublished master's letter, Jerash University, Amman Jordan.
Al-Rashid, M. A. (2018). Degree of possession of digital learning by kindergarten teacher and its trends towards sustainability. Journal of the Islamic University of Educational and Psychological Studies, 26(3), 277-232.
Alshaikh, K., Maasher, S., Bayazed, A., Badri, S., & Fakieh, B. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on the educational process in saudi arabia: A Technology–Organization–Environment framework. Sustainability, 13(13), 7103. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137103
Ansari, R. A. H. (2020). Teacher roles in meeting the challenges of achieving the quality of education. Virtual International Conference on the Future of Digital Education in the Arab World, p. 732-247.
Ashi, A., & Broras, F. (2018). Strategies for activating the e-learning system at the university. Journal of Humanities,18(2), 92-107.
Bawaneh, A. K. (2021). The satisfaction level of undergraduate science students towards using e-learning and virtual classes in exceptional condition COVID-19 crisis. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 22(1), 52-65. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.849882
Belay, D. G. (2020). COVID-19, distance learning and educational inequality in rural ethiopia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.29333/pr/9133
Best, J. W. (1981). Research in education. Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice-Hall.
Burdina, G. M, Krapotkinal, I. E, Nasyrova L. G. (2019). Distance learning in Elementary School Classrooms: An Emerging Framework For Contemporary Practice. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.1211a
Foti, P. (2020). Resarch in distance learning in greek kindergarten school during the pandemic of covid-19 possibilities dilemmas limitation. European Journal of Open Education and E-Learning, 5(1)
Hamada, H. S. (2020). Trends of teachers and teachers of the Schools of the Bani Kanana Brigade towards the effectiveness of the SpaseNoor platform used under the Corona Covid pandemic - 19 Palestinian. Journal of Open Education and E-Learning, 9(15), 59-69.
Madini, M. I. (2021). The most important challenges facing kindergarten teachers with distance education in Jeddah. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, (19), 269-297.
O'Keefe, L., Dellinger, J. T., Scragg, B., Amelina, N., & Mathes, J. (2020). The state of online learning in the kingdom of saudi arabia: A COVID-19 impact study for K-12. Online Learning Consortium, Inc, PO Box 1238, Newburyport, MA 01950. Retrieved from ERIC Retrieved.
Ramadan, M. J. M. (2020). The role of distance education in solving the problems of the emerging Corona epidemic. Educational Journal, Sohag University, (77), 1531-1543.