International Educational Research <p>International Educational Research (IER)&nbsp;is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, which is published by <span lang="EN-US">IDEAS SPREAD INC</span>&nbsp;in both print and online versions. The online version is free to access and download. The journal publishes original research papers, case reports, and review articles. The journal encourages submission in but not limited to subjects of Education method, education policy and education development; Educational technology and educational psychology; Special education and cross-cultural education; Educational leadership, educational administration and educational evaluation; Training, teaching and learning, Language education.</p> en-US <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br> This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (</p> (Adan Williams) (Technical Support) Wed, 07 Aug 2019 10:05:13 +0800 OJS 60 The Educational Tourism (Edutourism) Development Through Community Empowerment Based on Local Wisdom and Food Security <p>Rural areas that have food security and local wisdom are the main capital to develop agro-tourism areas that can improve the welfare and independence of the community. The research aim to analyze educational tourism (edutourism) development through community empowerment based on local wisdom and food security. The research used Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) methode, informant were determined purposively consisting of farmers group, business group, management of agrotourism and the village officials. Data were collected by interview, observation, discussion and Participatory Decision Making (PDM). Research sites in Wonoharjo village, Rowokele subdistrict, Kebumen regency and Serang village, Karangreja subdistrict, Purbalingga regency in Central Java of Indonesia. Data analysis used community development analysis. The results showed (1) The Wonoharjo village and Serang village has the potential and advantages as the area of agrotourism based on food security of horticulture and can be used as an edutourism and many tourists visit for educational activities, training, empowerment programs, research, study of the laboratory and college programs. (2) Empowerment program should be make tourism locations for education, training and work practices processing of agricultural, food security, local wisdom, creating caring and nature conservation for all groups ranging from elementary school children to college, private institutions, and social institutions.</p> Adhi Iman Sulaiman, Chusmeru Chusmeru, Bambang Kuncoro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 06 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0800 Teachers’ Perception in Writing Action Research in a Public Elementary School in the Philippines <p>Action research plays an important role in education. It enables teachers to discover what went wrong and what could be done to address classroom problems and issues. Consequently, it has now become one of the major professional development concerns for public school teachers in the Philippines. Teachers are encouraged by the Department of Education (DepEd) and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to conduct a school-based action research as part of their performance appraisal and evaluation. In addition, it helps the teachers to explore innovative teaching strategies that will suit the needs of the learners. Although, there are promising benefits brought by research, it still remains a challenge among educators due to tight teaching work loads and ancillary roles performed by teachers.</p> <p>To address this issue, the study aimed to assess the teachers’ perception in writing research based on their level of agreement. Its end goal is to help school administrators and education planners to develop capacity building that will help teachers to appreciate more the value of research. It utilized a quantitative-descriptive design. Fifteen (15) teachers were involved in the study that represented the 100% of the total population of the teaching force in the school. The main data-gathering instrument used was questionnaire.&nbsp; Computation of the weighted mean and ranking were employed in the statistical treatment of data. The results revealed that teachers strongly agreed on the basic principles of action research which signifies their knowledge and understanding of what research is all about. Continuous professional development is suggested to upgrade and strengthen teachers’ skills in writing educational research.</p> Geraldine D. Anzaldo, Mario A. Cudiamat ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 06 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0800 The Empowerment as Community Learning Based on Ecotourism of Coastal Border at West Kalimantan <p>Development in coastal border areas is an important priority for addressing social and economic disparities and conflict through empowerment programs. The objective of the research is to analyze the empowerment as community learning based on ecotourism of coastal border. This research uses qualitative method in which Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and data collection is conducted through in-depth interview, observation, documentation analysis, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Participatory Decision Making (PDM). The research takes place in the border area of West Kalimantan namely Sebubus Village and Temajuk Village, Paloh Subdistrict, Sambas District. The informants are determined through purposive sampling consisting of empowerment activists, community leaders, village government, business groups, academics, and tourists. Data is analyzed using SWOT analysis. The results show (1) to develop ecotourism potential of mangrove forest and food processing from mangrove fruit, turtle breeding, and coastal tourism, a participatory and sustainable empowerment of community learning program is necessary. (2) Youth figures as community learning activists of ecotourism empowerment along with community leaders need support and cooperation from village and local government, as well as private parties. (3) Temajuk village in particular requires the improvement of road infrastructure, electrical lighting and telecommunication signals in order not to cause social and economic dependency and jealousy with Malaysian border areas.</p> Toto Sugito, Adhi Iman Sulaiman, Ahmad Sabiq, Muslih Faozanudin, Bambang Kuncoro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0800 Action Research and Teachers’ Professional Development: Examples and Reflections <p>Teacher professional development had received a growing interest in the past decades due to their importance in improving teachers' knowledge, skills and values. There are various approaches and types of teachers' professional development. This paper begins by discussing the definition, characteristics and models of teachers’ professional development. Then it outlines some ideas related to teacher professional learning communities (PLCs), communities of practice (CoPs), mentoring and coaching. Next, the paper focuses on action research as one of the widely used approaches in both research and teacher professional development. The potential benefits of action research in building teachers’ professional capacity is presented next. The paper concludes with a discussion about the implications of utilizing action research in the educational development program for school principals in Bahrain Teachers College.</p> Osama Al-Mahdi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0800