International Educational Research 2020-09-26T03:02:01+08:00 Adan Williams Open Journal Systems <p>International Educational Research (IER)&nbsp;is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, which is published by <span lang="EN-US">IDEAS SPREAD INC</span>&nbsp;in both print and online versions. The online version is free to access and download. The journal publishes original research papers, case reports, and review articles. The journal encourages submission in but not limited to subjects of Education method, education policy and education development; Educational technology and educational psychology; Special education and cross-cultural education; Educational leadership, educational administration and educational evaluation; Training, teaching and learning, Language education.</p> The Importance of Soft Skills Development to Enhance Entrepreneurial Capacity 2020-09-26T03:02:01+08:00 Sarom Tem Ariyabhorn Kuroda Keow Ngang Tang <p>Soft skills development has come with the intention of an all-rounded development of individual personality and entrepreneurship can be taught or not has been an argument until today. Therefore, this study was designed to explore the importance of soft skills to enhance entrepreneurial capacity. The three key soft skills that researchers examined were communication, leadership, and critical and problem-solving skills while the entrepreneurial capacity was the dependent variable of this study. A total of five successful entrepreneurs were purposively selected to be the informants of this study. Researchers employed a qualitative method using interview protocol as an instrument to conduct in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The results revealed that critical thinking and problem-solving skills is the most significant soft skills to assist entrepreneurs to improve their competitiveness and productivity. Moreover, all the informants came to the consensus that higher education should teach the students the three required soft skills to be successful entrepreneurs. They emphasized the importance of soft skills that can assist entrepreneurs not only to compete in the formal labor market but also has the potential to reduce youth unemployment, drive economic growth, and reduce poverty. The overall results are successfully contributed to a growing body of research by suggesting that soft skills, namely communication, leadership, and critical thinking and problem-solving skills associated with entrepreneurial success are malleable and can be trained through higher education institutions.</p> 2020-07-28T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Factors Influencing Academic Achievement in Preclinical Students 2020-09-26T03:02:01+08:00 Yanint Raksadawan Chantacha Sitticharoon Nipith Charoenngam Pailin Maikaew Issarawan Keadkraichaiwat <p>Academic achievement is a major concern of preclinical students<strong>. </strong>This study aimed to determine factors influencing academic achievement in preclinical years. Questionnaires were sent to all students of the 2019 class at the 1<sup>st</sup> (2019<strong>/</strong>1) and 2<sup>nd</sup> preclinical years (2019<strong>/</strong>2) and the 2018 class at the 2<sup>nd</sup> preclinical year (2018<strong>/</strong>2) without sampling, with 85.11% (280<strong>/</strong>328), 86.32% (284<strong>/</strong>328), and 83.54% (274<strong>/</strong>328) being returned, respectively. Students were divided into Q1 (lowest)<strong>-</strong>Q2<strong>-</strong>Q3<strong>-</strong>Q4 (highest) according to quartiles of their GPA. Q4 students had higher examination expectation and achievement of study targets in all classes and more time spent on non<strong>-</strong>recorded<strong>-</strong>e<strong>-</strong>lecture study in the 2018<strong>/</strong>2 and 2019<strong>/</strong>2 classes; but lower time spent on recorded<strong>-</strong>e<strong>-</strong>lecture study in the 2019<strong>/</strong>1 class and non<strong>-</strong>academic<strong>-</strong>internet use in the 2019<strong>/</strong>2 and 2018<strong>/</strong>2 classes than other groups. In contrast, Q1 students had higher instances of lateness and absence<strong>/</strong>year in the 2019<strong>/</strong>2 and 2018<strong>/</strong>2 classes but lower happiness scores in the 2018<strong>/</strong>2 class compared to other groups. Obese and overweight students had significantly lower GPA than normal weight and underweight students of the 2019<strong>/</strong>2 class (p&lt;0.05 all). The current year GPA had significant positive correlations with the previous year GPA, examination expectation, achievement of study targets, and time spent on non<strong>-</strong>recorded<strong>-</strong>e<strong>-</strong>lecture study; but had significant negative correlations with time spent on recorded<strong>-</strong>e<strong>-</strong>lecture study and non<strong>-</strong>academic internet use, instances of lateness and absence<strong>/</strong>year, and BMI (p&lt;0.05 all). In conclusion, students with more self<strong>-</strong>regulation strategies in many aspects of self<strong>-</strong>regulated learning, including time management, learning strategies, emotion control, motivation, and self<strong>-</strong>efficacy, had better academic outcomes.</p> 2020-09-17T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Designing Family Empowerment Program: Community Education in Times of Covid-19 Pandemic 2020-09-26T03:02:00+08:00 Ahmad Sabiq Adhi Iman Sulaiman Toto Sugito <p>The Family Empowerment Post (Posdaya) has been running as a model for implementing community development, especially in rural areas in the fields of education, health and economy. However, it has only provided minimum service standards and has not been able to achieve the maximum in terms of transferring knowledge and skills to the community. Therefore, this study aimed to design an empowerment program through community education to deal with the Covid-19 pandemic. Using the qualitative case study, informants were selected purposively from the village government, Posdaya administrators and members, community and youth leaders and entrepreneurial groups. Data collection was carried out through observation, interviews, discussion and document analysis. Triangulation was used as verification of the data collected. The results showed that responsive, productive and innovative empowerment programs in the form of informal and vocational learning based on local resources are needed as a medium to increase motivation, knowledge and entrepreneurial skills of the community to maintain the welfare and the health of family members and village communities, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> 2020-09-19T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##