Intelligent Pubescent Oak Forests (Quercus Pubescens Wild.) From Dobroudja Plateau, Romania
Dobrudjea Plateau, located in south-east Romania, is characterized by low altitudes, old rocks, a temperate-continental climate and a silvosteppe and steppe vegetation. Pubescent oak is one of the tree species characteristic for this area. With average dimensions, this tree fulfils numerous ecosystem functions.
The concept of “Climate-Smart Forestry – CSF” is recent and was adapted in this article for the pubescent oak characteristic for this area; clear and measurable criterions were also identified and applies for this species in order to identify the smart stands.
Smart pubescent oak forests represent 3% of all this specie’s stands and are more common in the north part of Dobrudjea Plateau. They are characterized by advanced ages (61-70 years), 20%-30% compositions and even-aged structures. The forests are located on relatively small distances from forest roads, at altitudes of 100m - 250 m, and on west and east expositions.
The present study has showed that smart pubescent oak forests can be established by taking into account 14 site (flora, soil or forest type) and stand conditions (pruning, vitality, average diameter and height, functional group and category, litter). The identification of these stands is extremely important for their protection as well as for applying the appropriate silvicultural measures.
Bowditch, E., Santopuoli, G., Binder, F., Rio, M. D., La Porta, N., Kluvankova, T., ... & Pretzsch, H. (2020). What is Climate-Smart Forestry? A definition from a multinational collaborative process focused on mountain regions of Europe. Ecosystem Services, 43, 101113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2020.101113
Caraivan, G., Dinu, I., Fulga, C., & Popescu, D. (2011). Climate change and the hydrogeologic framework in Constanta city, South Dobrogea, Romania (pp. 259-265). Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1143-3_28
Ciontu, C. I., Chisăliță, I., & Dincă, L. (2020). Study concerning the evaluation of game and fish species from Caraș-Severin County. Romania: Annals of West University of Timişoara, ser. Biology, 23(1), 21-28.
Constandache, C., Dinca, L., Tudose, N. C., & Panaitescu, C. (2018). Protecting surface water resources through silvicultural methods (pp. 276-284) International Symposium “The Environment and the Industry”, SIMI, Proceedings book Section Pollution Assessment & Management Systems. http://doi.org/10.21698/simi.2018.fp33
Dincă, L., Badea, O., Guiman, G., Braga, C., Crisan, V., Greavu, V., Murariu, G., & Georgescu, L. (2018). Monitoring of soil moisture in Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites of Romanian Carpathians. Annals of Forest Research, 61(2), 171-188. https://doi.org/10.15287/afr.2018.1188
Dincă, L., & Achim, F. (2019). The management of forests situated on fields susceptible to landslides and erosion from the Southern Carpathians. Romania: Scientific papers series Management. Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, 19(3), 183-188.
Dincă, L., Murariu, G., Iticescu, C., Budeanu, M., & Murariu, A. (2019). Norway spruce (Picea Abies (L.) Karst.) smart forests from Southern Carpathians. International Journal of Conservation Science, 10(4), 781-790.
Dincă, L., Vechiu, E., & Oneț, A. (2020). Can we identify manna ash (Fraxinus ornus L.) “smart forests” in Banatului Mountains? Romania: Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, 10(1), 91-100. http://doi.org/10.31924/nrsd.v10i1.047
Dincă, L., & Timiș-Gânsac, V. (2020). The usage of non-wood forest products - Culinary and artisanal traditions in Romania. Sustainable Development Research, 2(1), 50-57. https://doi.org/10.30560/sdr.v2n1p50
Forest Management plans (1994-2009). Baneasa (2005), Cernavoda (1994), Constanta (2009), Babadag (1994), Casimcea (2007), Niculitel (2001), Cerna (2001), Ciucurova (2004), Macin (1995).
Geacu, S., Dumitraşcu, M., & Grigorescu, I. (2018). On the biogeographical significance of protected forest areas in Southern Romania. Sustainability, 10(7), 2282. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072282
Ielenicz, M. (2003). Relieful litostructural din Podişul Dobrogei (pp. 51-58). Analele Universităţii ”Valahia” Târgovişte, Seria Geografie.
Maftei, C. (Ed.). (2015). Extreme weather and impacts of climate change on water resources in the Dobrogea region. United States of America. IGI Global.
Manole, D., Jinga, V., Giumba, A. M., Dudoiu, R., & Cristea, S. (2018, July). Researches regarding new and improved technologies for sunflower and sorghum crops in the context of climate changes in Dobrogea region (pp.). In “Agriculture for Life, Life for Agriculture” Conference Proceedings 1(1), 79-85. Sciendo.
Marin, I. (2003), Peisajele Dobrogei: tipuri, repartiție, culturalitate, vulnerabilitate, (pp. 59-82). Romania. Analele Universității București, Facultatea de Geografie.
Marin, L., Birsan, M. V., Bojariu, R., Dumitrescu, A., Micu, D. M., & Manea, A. (2014). An overview of annual climatic changes in Romania: trends in air temperature, precipitation, sunshine hours, cloud cover, relative humidity and wind speed during the 1961–2013 period. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 9(4), 253-258.
Milecka, K., et al. (2004). Quercus L.–oak. Late Glacial and Holocene history of vegetation in Poland based on isopollen maps (pp. 189-197).
Nicolaescu, M., Lupascu, N., & Chirila, E. (2009). Land degradation and desertification risk in Dobrogea region. Romania. Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ), 8(4), 911-914. https://doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2009.131
Onet, A., Dincă, L., Grenni, P., Laslo, V., Teusdea, A., Vasile, D., Enescu, R., Crisan V. (2019). Biological indicators for evaluating soil quality improvement in a soil degraded by erosion processes. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 19(5), 2393-2404. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-02236-9
Popescu, N., & Ielenicz, M. (2003). Refieful Podișul Dobrogei – caracteristici și evoluție (pp. 5-58). Romania. Analele Universității București, Geografie.
Prăvălie, R., Sirodoev, I., Patriche, C. V., Bandoc, G., & Peptenatu, D. (2014a). The analysis of the relationship between climatic water deficit and corn agricultural productivity in the Dobrogea plateau. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 9(4), 201-214.
Prăvălie, R., Sîrodoev, I., & Peptenatu, D. (2014b). Detecting climate change effects on forest ecosystems in Southwestern Romania using Landsat TM NDVI data. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 24(5), 815-832. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-014-1122-2
Șimonca, V., Roșca, S., Colișar, A., Rebrean, F., & Bilașco, Ș. (2019). Favourable and Restrictive Factors for Quercus pubescens in the Transylvanian Basin, Evaluated by GIS Techniques. Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(4), 1299-1307. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47411624
Șofletea, N., & Curtu, L. (2007). Dendrologie. Editura Universităţii Transilvania din Braşov, 540 pp.
Sparchez, G., Dinca, L., Marin, G., Dincă, M., Enescu, R. (2017). Variation of eutric cambisols' chemical properties based on altitudinal and geomorphological zoning. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 16(12), 2911-2918. https://doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2017.300
Tudor, C., & Dincă, L. (2019). The main categories of non-wood forest products from Vrancea County. Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 51(4), 211-217. https://www.rjas.ro/paper_detail/3024
Vechiu, E., & Dincă, L. (2019). Forest fruits from Sibiu County. Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 5(3), 163-168. Retrieved from https://www.rjas.ro/paper_detail/3083
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).