Qualitative Determination, Quantitative Evaluation and Comparative Insecticidal Potential of Ruta Graveolens Essential Oil and Its Major Constituents in the Management of Two Stored Pests Sitophilus Zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Corcyra Cephalon
Eco-chemical control based on essential oil mediated plant-insect interactions is an alternative method to the unsystematic use of insecticides, due to advanced structural diversity and allelopathic potential of essential oils. In this sense, present work was aimed at qualitative and quantitative investigation of chemical composition and the evaluation of insecticidal activities of Ruta graveolens essential oil and its major constituents against Sitophilus zeamais and Corcyra cephalonica in stored maize. Fresh leaves were subjected to hydrodistillaton and the chemical composition of oil was studied. Essential oil and its major constituents were then assessed for their allelopathic activity on test insects. Fifty components were identified, where long chain aliphatic 2-methyl ketones predominated the oil as major constituents. Results revealed strong concentration-, insect species- and time-dependent toxicities, in which oil caused 100 % mortalities at concentrations of 1.52 and 0.46 µL/cm2 against S. zeamais and C. cephalonica respectively after 24 hours of exposure. In aliphatic 2-methyl ketone series, respective congeners having odd and even number of carbon atoms were more effective on S. zeamais and C. cephalonica. These findings provide a scientific basis for the eco-potential of using essential oil of R. graveolens and its major constituents in integrated insect pest management programs.
Adams, R. P. (1995). Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. Allured Publications, Carol Stream, IL.
Ali, A., Demirci, B., Kiyan, H. T., Bernier, U. R., Tsikolia, M., Wedge, D. E., Khan, I. A., Baser, K. H. C., & Tabanca, N. (2013). Biting deterrence, repellency, and larvicidal activity of Ruta chalepensis (Sapindales: Rutaceae) essential oil and its major individual constituents against mosquitoes. Journal of Medical Entomology, 50(6), 1267-1274.
Al-Shuneigat, J. M., Al-Tarawneh, I. N., Al-Qudah MA, Al-Sarayreh SA, Al-Saraireh YM and Alsharafa KY (2015). The chemical composition and the antibacterial properties of Ruta graveolens L. essential oil grown in Northern Jordan. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(2),139-143.
Antonious, G. F. (2003). Soil infiltration by pesticides. In: Pimentel D (ed) Encyclopedia of pest management, Vol 3. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp 1-4.
Antonious, GF and Snyder JC (2008). Tomato leaf crude extracts for insects and spider mite control. In: Preedy VR and Watson RR (ed) Tomato and Tomato Products: Nutritiional, Medicinal and Therapeutic Properties. Science Publishers, New Hampshire, pp 269-297.
Betancur, J, Silva G, Rodriquez C, Fisher, S., & Zapata N (2009). Insecticidal activity of Peumus boldus Molina essential oil against Sitophils zeamais Motschulsky. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 70(3), 399-407.
Dambolena, J. S., Zunino, M. P., Herrera, J. M., Pizzolitto, R. P., Areco, V. A., & Zygadlo, J. A. (2016). Terpenes: Natural products for controlling insects of importance to human health-A structure-activity relationship study. Psyche, 2016, 1-17.
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2013). The state of food security in the world. Rome, Italy: FAO Sinha, R. N. (ed). The stored-grain ecosystem. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Stored-Grain Ecosystem. New York, USA: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Fredj MBH, Marzouk B, Chraief I, Boukef K & Marzouk Z (2007) .Analysis of Tunisian Ruta graveolens L. oils from jemmel. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 5(1), 52-55.
Guo, S, Zhang, W, Liang, J, You, C., Geng, Z., Wang, C., & Du, S. (2016). Contact and repellent activities of the essential oil from Juniperus formosana against two stored product insects. Molecules, 21(504), 1-11.
Guo SS, You CX, Liang JY, Zhang WJ, Geng ZF, Wang CF, Du SS & Lei N (2015). Chemical composition and bioactivities of the essential oil from Etlingera yunnanensis against two stored product insects. Molecules, 20, 15735-15747.
Haque MA, Nakakita H, Ikenaga H & Sota N (2000). Development-inhibiting activity of some tropical plants against Sitophils zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research 36, 281-287.
Heba Y, El-lakwah SF & El-sayed YA (2013). Insecticidal activity of linoleic acid against Spodoptera lirroralis (Boisd.). Eygyptian Journal of Agricultural Research, 91(2), 573-579.
Huang Y, Ho SH, Lee HC & Yap YL (2002). Insecticidal properties of eugenol, isoeugenol and methyleugenol and their effects on nutrion of Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrinidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 38(5), 403-412.
Innocent E, Gikonyo NK & Nkunya MHH (2008). Repellency property of long chain aliphatic methyl ketones against Anopheles gambiae s.s. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 10(1), 50-54.
Jayaweera, DMA (1982). Medicinal Plants (Indigenous & Exotic) Used in Ceylon. Colombo, Sri Lanka: The National Science Council of Sri Lanka.
Jeon JH, Lee SG & Lee HS (2015). Isolation of insecticidal constituent from Ruta graveolens and structure-activity relationship studies against stored-food pests (Coleoptera). Journal of Food Protection, 78(8), 1536-1540.
Keane S & Ryan MF (1999). Purification, characterization and inhibition by monoterpenes of acetylcholinesterase from the waxmoth, Galleria mellonella (L.). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 29(12), 1097-1104.
Kennedy GG & Dimock MB (1982). 2-Tridecanone: A natural toxicant in a wild tomato responsible for insect resistance. International IUPAC congress of pesticide chemistry, & Takahashi N 1983. Pesticide chemistry. human welfare and the environment: proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry, Kyoto, Japan, 29 August - 4 September 1982. Vol 2, 123-128.
Khani A & Rahdari T (2012). Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of essential oil from Coriandrum sativum seeds against Tribolium confusum and Callosobruchus maculatus. ISRN Pharmaceutics 2012:1-5.
Kim SW, Lee HR, Jank MJ, Jung CS and Park IK (2016). Fumigant toxicity of lamiaceae plant essential oils and blends of their constituents against adult rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae. Molecules, 21, 361.
Kotsyukovsky M, Rafaeli A, Gileadi C, Demchenko N & Shaaya E (2002). Activation of octopaminergic receptors by essential oil constituents isolated from aromatic plants: possible mode of action against insect pests. Pest Management Science, 58(11), 1101-1106.
Krishna-Ayyar PN (1930). A very destructive pest of stored products in south India Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 25, 155-169.
Lin SYH, Trumble JT & Kumamoto J (1987). Activity of volatile compounds in glandular trichomes of Lycopersicon species against two insect herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 13(4), 837-850.
Miresmailli S, Bradbury R & Isman MB (2006). Comparative toxicity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil and blends of its major constituents against Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) on two different host plants. Pest Management Science, 62, 366-371.
Porel A, Sanyal Y & Kundu A (2014). Simultaneous HPLC determination of 22 components of essential oils; Method robustness with experimental design. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 76(1), 19-30.
Pumnuan J, Khurnpoon L & Insung A (2015). Effects of insecticidal essential oil fumigations on physiological changes in cut Dendrobium Sonia orchid flower. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 37(5), 523-531.
Rafeeq KUMA, Umadevi D, Sajitha N & Gokuldas M (2016). Repellency of essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon citrates against the nuisance household pest, Luprops tristis Fab. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 7(4), 10309-10313.
Rahuman AA & Venkatesan P (2008). Mosquito larvicidal activity of oleic and linoleic acids isolated from Citullus colocynthis (Linn.). Schrad. Parasitol. Res 103:1383-1390.
Regnault-Roger C (1997). The potential of botanical essential oils for insect pest control. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 2, 25-34.
Robert R, Farrar Ir & kennedy GG (1987). 2-Undecanone, a constituent of the glandular trichomes of Lycopersicon hirsutum f. glabratum: Effects on Heliothis zea and Manduca sexta growth and survival. Entomologia experimentalis et Applicata, 43(1),17-23.
Sode OJ, Mazaud F, & Troude F (ed) (1995). Economics of grain storage. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Stored-Grain Ecosystem. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, USA.
Soleimani M, Aberoomand AP, Saber-Tehrani M & Rustaiyan A (2009). Volatile composition of Ruta graveolens L of north of Iran. World Applied Science Journal, 7, 124-126.
Tripathi AK, Prajapati V, Khanuja SP & Kumar S (2003). Effect of d-limonene on three three stored-product beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96(3), 990-995.
Wekesa I, Onek LA, Deng AL, Hasanali A & Othira JO (2011). Toxicity and repellent potency of Hyptis spicigera extracts on Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 2(6), 113-119.
Zhu L, Li Y, Li B, Lu B and Xia N (1993). Aromatic plants and essential constituents. Hai Feng Publishing, Hong Kong, pp 156.
Zhu, S., Lu, X., Dong, L, Xing, J, Su X, Kong H, Xu, G., & Wu, C. (2005). Quantitative determination of compounds in tobacco essential oils by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of –flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1086, 107-114.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).