The Role of Native Weaknesses and Cultural Conflicts in Escalating Colonial Supremacy in the Igbo Society, as Perceived in Arrow of God by Chinua Achebe
The colonial invaders and their repressive means of governance in Africa were not the only reasons that could be solely held accountable for the fall of indigenous African society during the colonial invasion. Native weaknesses, socio-cultural conflicts and hegemony were equally responsible for the falling apart of native social setups when confronted with colonial alternatives. Native people had had their own covert religious and cultural limitations long before the colonizers entered their soil. The colonial powers cleverly used such inherent societal flaws of African people as excuses to impose European religion and traditions on them. Chinua Achebe does not blindly idealize native African traditions in his writings. He frequently narrates his doubts on flawed socio-cultural practices and moral dualities in the native society, too. This paper is an attempt to explore how innate weaknesses of native Igbo people, socio-cultural conflicts and domination in the native society have also made it easier for the colonial administration to prolong their supremacy in the Igbo land, as depicted in Arrow of God by Chinua Achebe. It also elaborates how Ezeulu, the chief priest of god Ulu, falls from dominance in his society because of his intent to execute personal desires which jeopardize his societal role in the Igbo land.
Achebe, C. (2010). No Longer at Ease. Penguin.
Achebe, C. (1996). Things Fall Apart. Heinemann Educational.
Cook, D. (1977). African Literature: A Critical View. Longman.
Bhardwaj, P. (Dec. 2014). “Competitive Facet of Women Dynamism in Anthills of the Savannah.” International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies, 2(12), 118-126., Retreived from http://internationaljournalcorner.com/index.php/theijhss/article/view/140778/99093.
Daniels, A. (Sept. 1987). Succumbing to an Inferior Complexity. The Spectator Archive, The Spectator, 26. http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/26th-september-1987/31/succumbing-to-an-inferior-complexity
Gikandi, S. (1996). China Achebe and the Invention of African Literature. Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, Heinemann Educational, pp. ix-xvii.
Killam, G. D. (1977). The Writings of Chinua Achebe. Heinemann Educational.
Mordaunt, O. G. (1989). “Conflict and Its Manifestations in Achebe's ‘Arrow of God.’” Afrika Focus, 5(3-4), 153-174. https://doi.org/10.21825/af.v5i3-4.6478
Mastroianni, D. (May 2018). Hegemony in Gramsci. Postcolonial Studies, 2. http://scholarblogs.emory.edu/postcolonialstudies/2014/06/20/hegemony-in-gramsci/
Palmer, E. (1979). The Growth of the African Novel. Heinemann Educational.
Pratten, D. (2007). The Man-Leopard Murders: History and Society in Colonial Nigeria. First ed., Indiana University Press. https://doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625536.001.0001
Rich, T. (May 2016). Cultural Hegemony. Thomas Rich Blog, 5. http://rampages.us/richtm/2016/05/05/cultural-hegemony/
Vempala, J. L. R. (2015). Culture and Anarchy in the Novels of Chinua Achebe. Prakash Book Depot, 2003.Williams, Raymond. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Revised Edition ed., Oxford University Press.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).