International Linguistics Research https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr <p>International Linguistics Research (ILR) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by <span lang="EN-US">IDEAS SPREAD INC</span>. The journal encourages submission in but not limited to subjects of linguistics, including theoretical linguistics, descriptive linguistics and applied linguistics. In addition to the broad area of language research, the creative approaches to language learning and teaching are also involved, leading linguistics to a higher level of cognitive development. The linguistic research contributes to cooperation of people groups throughout the world. Abundant and professional resources of linguistics are needed to meet a wide and infinitely varied range of communicative goals. From this perspective, the journal aims to improve the communicative power of the language and consolidate the national language communicative tool available to speakers. International Linguistics Research (ILR) also provides the opportunities for sharing the resources among members of the academic community. <br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> en-US <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).</p> ilr@ideasspread.org (Sarah Lane) service@ideasspread.org (Technical Support) Wed, 04 Jan 2023 12:25:26 +0800 OJS 3.1.0.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Sociolinguistic View of Globalization https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/1147 <p>The present study offers an analysis of the effects of globalization from a sociolinguistic point of view. It attempts to discuss the tremendous effects of globalization on societies and languages. The major characteristics of globalization as noticed nowadays are excessive communication (through language of course) and increased mobility all around the world. Therefore, the study elaborates on the consequences of globalization in two basic dimensions, people's mobility (migration and ease of traveling), and language mobility (which resulted in the development of English as an international language). The discussion strongly suggests that many of the established sociolinguistic phenomena become questionable in the current era of globalization. Several issues about languages and societies such as <em>dialects</em> and <em>lingua franca</em> appeared to require further sociolinguistic examination and a sustainable definition. In its dynamism of change, the future of the sociolinguistics of globalization will continue to raise an array of questions and concerns.</p> Manar Almanea ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/1147 Wed, 04 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0800 A Psychoanalytic Reading of Ahmed Saadawi's Novel Frankenstein in Baghdad https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/1157 <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Ahmed Saadawi’s novel <em>Frankenstein</em> <em>in Baghdad</em> provides a distinct exposure of the psychic ailments (disorders) that engulf almost all of the characters in the novel. Even though they are not themselves aware of the problem, the characters in the novel suffer from split psyches, traumas they cannot deal with and knots they cannot resolve. The novel shows, to quote T. S. Eliot, but “a heap of broken” (Ellmann 459) psyches. Such is a phenomenon that blights contemporary Iraqi personality in general and can, in a sense, be termed collective unconscious (Bressler 127) (Note 1). The novel is, thus, a representation of what can be dubbed psychic fractures that have befallen the Iraqi character, noticeably ensuing the American invasion of Iraq that took place in 2003, the aftermaths of which the Iraqi people is still undergoing. Importantly, despite being an essential facet of the novel and an indispensable venue to understanding the characters this aspect has escaped the attention of critics and researchers alike.</span></p> Mohammad Ahmad Mostafa Al-Leithy ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/1157 Tue, 17 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0800