https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/issue/feed International Linguistics Research 2020-01-27T14:57:47+08:00 Sarah Lane ilr@ideasspread.org Open Journal Systems <p>International Linguistics Research (ILR) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by <span lang="EN-US">IDEAS SPREAD INC</span>. The journal encourages submission in but not limited to subjects of linguistics, including theoretical linguistics, descriptive linguistics and applied linguistics. In addition to the broad area of language research, the creative approaches to language learning and teaching are also involved, leading linguistics to a higher level of cognitive development. The linguistic research contributes to cooperation of people groups throughout the world. Abundant and professional resources of linguistics are needed to meet a wide and infinitely varied range of communicative goals. From this perspective, the journal aims to improve the communicative power of the language and consolidate the national language communicative tool available to speakers. International Linguistics Research (ILR) also provides the opportunities for sharing the resources among members of the academic community. <br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/433 Peer Observation as a Professional Development Intervention in EFL Pedagogy 2020-01-27T14:57:47+08:00 Zulfiqar Ahmad zulfiqar16c@hotmail.com <p>Most research on peer observation as a professional development intervention in EFL contexts focuses either on teachers' perceptions about its usefulness or the methodical frameworks. There are a few studies which report real-time incidence of a peer observed lesson. To fill this gap, the present study arranged a peer observation for a reading lesson on top-down processing skills to reflect upon the strengths and weaknesses of the lesson as well as develop the reading literacy of the students. The peer observation method included a pre-observation stage with the teacher and the observer deciding on the modalities of observation. The second stage was the lesson which was peer observed followed by the post-lesson reflection stage. The results obtained through teachers' reflection on different aspects of the lesson and the peer observer's report revealed that most stages and activities of the lesson went as planned except for the final where issues of activity management, teacher feedback, and coherent lesson progression came up to the fore. The study has significance for EFL practitioners interested in initiating self-directed professional development through peer observation in particular and for researchers of professional development studies in general.</p> 2020-01-21T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ilr/article/view/445 Performative Speech Acts in the Translation of Indonesian Legal Documents into English 2020-01-27T14:57:45+08:00 I Wayan Ana ana.wayan@gmail.com Ida Bagus Putra Yadnya ana.wayan@gmail.com I Made Budiarsa ana.wayan@gmail.com Ida Ayu Made Puspani ana.wayan@gmail.com <p>The aim of this research is to find out speech acts used in legal documents. To discuss the problems of this research, two theories are applied, namely, the translation theory of Newmark completed by the concept of pragmatic (for what purpose, to whom, when and where the legal documents are used), while for speech acts typology, Searle's theory is applied. The data used for this research were taken from 6 (six) legal documents in the form of employment contract, conciliation agreement, lease agreement, sales agreement, lease of resident and business place and lease of villa agreement. Based on the results of the analysis, it was found that from the five specific types of speech acts put forward by Searle and Cruse, only 4 (four) speech acts were found, namely, (1) representative, (2) directive, (3) comisive, and (4) declarative speech acts.&nbsp; While expressive speech act was not found in this research.</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##