The Syntactic and Semantic Analysis of Suffix -in in Balinese

  • Nyoman Sujaya Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Kardana Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ketut Artawa Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia
  • Made Sri Satyawati Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia
Keywords: suffix in, syntactic and semantic representation

Abstract

This paper discusses the syntactic and semantic analysis of Balinese suffix -in. It is to determine its distribution in sentence construction. This study uses the RRG theory by Van Valin and Randy (1999) supported by the data taken from Balinese articles issued in the Bali Orti of Bali Post newspapers. The result of the analysis shows that as a transitivizing suffix, Balinese suffix -in can be added to nominal, adjectival, adverbial, intransitive and transitive bases. Syntactically, -in can be used in stative, transitive, imperative, passive constructions. The word orders assigned by the suffix -in require different morphology of the verbs. Semantically, the derived verbs with -in refer to the activities treating object as static target of action. As an applicative suffix, -in expresses causative, benefactive, source or locative meaning.

Author Biographies

Nyoman Sujaya, Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia

He was born in Singaraja, Bali, Indonesia. He is one of the lecturers at the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia. He obtained his master degree in linguistics from Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia in 2003. He is currently a doctorate candidate in linguistics majoring on syntax at Udayana University and his main research focuses on Balinese “Giving” Verb Constructions.

I Nyoman Kardana, Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia

He is a professor in Linguistics at Warmadewa University, Bali Indonesia. He got his Master Degree in Linguistics from Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia in 1998. He obtained his Doctorate Degree in Linguistics from Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia in 2004. His research interest involves a lot of topics about syntax and semantics and he has supervised many papers, theses and doctorate dissertations. He has also written a lot of articles and books and has participated in a number of national and international seminars. 

Ketut Artawa, Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia

He is a professor in Linguistics at Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. He received his Master Degree in Linguistics from La Trobe University in 1992 and got his Doctorate also from La Trobe University in 1995. His research interest involves a wide range of topics about syntax and he has supervised many theses and doctorate dissertations. Up till now he has written a lot of books and articles and has participated in a number of national and international seminars and conferences.

Made Sri Satyawati, Warmadewa University, Bali, Indonesia

She is a lecturer at Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. She obtained her Master Degree in Linguistics from Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia in 1999 and she got her Doctorate Degree in Linguistics from Udayana University in 2010. Her research interest is linguistics, namely syntax and semantics. Her publications involve study on local languages in Indonesia. She has supervised many theses and doctorate dissertations and has participated in a number of national and international seminars.

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Published
2019-12-09
Section
Articles