Study on Fire Smoke Distribution and Smoke Control in Extra-long Double-hole Tunnel

  • Jingdan Gan School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, China
  • Feng Shan Wu Institute of Testing, JSTI Group, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
  • Hong Liu School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, China
Keywords: tunnel fire, accident tree analysis, fires dynamics simulator, smoke control



Construction of tunnels, as one of the main methods to solve physical traffic barriers, However, It vulnerable to the threat of fire during the process of tunnel operation period. In response to such situation, this article explores the smoke distribution of extra-long double-tube tunnel and its impact on evacuation in the event of a fire. This paper take the Jieling tunnel as an example, and applies Accident Tree Analysis (ATA) method combined with Fires Dynamics Simulator (FDS)simulation software to study the changes of harmful factors such as tunnel smoke. According to the research, when a fire occurs in an extra-long double-tube tunnel, It is concluded that people are supposed to be guided to leave via the nearest cross-passages as soon as possible, In the end analysis the roles that air curtains could play in the control of smoke. It is recommended to open the air curtain so that in such condition people away from the cross-passages have enough time to escape.


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Network model of the extra-long double-hole tunnel