International Journal of Applied Science 2020-07-03T01:54:30+08:00 Jack Wood Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Applied Science (IJAS) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by IDEAS SPREAD INC. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of applied science. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field.<br>Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals. The scopes of the journal include, but are not limited to, the following fields: Agriculture, Biological Engineering and Application, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Applied Physics and Engineering, Applied Chemistry and Materials Sciences, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Computer and Information Sciences and Application, Energy, Environmental Science and Engineering, Mechanics, Metrology, Military Science, Space Science, Sports Science, Ergonomics, Health Sciences, Fisheries science, Food Science, Forestry and all the fields related to applied science.<br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> Morfo-Physiological Response of Three Shallot Varieties on Water Surface Variation Level 2020-07-03T01:54:30+08:00 Subandi Nur Suwarto Suwarto Saparso Saparso Heru Adi Djatmiko <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">The morpho-physiological response study of three shallots varieties on the water surface variation level of the trench aims to find plants that are tolerant of water shortages. The study was conducted in the rice fields of Pulosari village, Brebes District, Brebes Regency, Central Java, Indonesia for three months (January to March 2019). The experimental design used was a separate plot design with three replications. The main plot of trench water surface height (T) is T1 = 10 cm, T2 = 20 cm and T3 = 30 cm. The subplots of shallot variety (V) are V1 = Bima, V2 = Yellow and V3 = Sumenep. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance at 5% error level, if there is a real difference found, the study would be followed by the Least Significant Difference Test (LSD) level 5%. The results showed that the condition of water shortage was very influential on the morpho-physiological response of three shallots varieties.</span></p> 2020-04-09T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evolution of Floor Construction System in Beirut (1840-1940) 2020-07-03T01:54:28+08:00 Jad Hammoud Elise Abi Rached <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">This article is going to deal with the evolution of floor structural systems; traditional structural systems during the late Ottoman period and the concrete structural systems during the French mandate period in Beirut. Beyond this, natural constraint timber materials used in the late nineteenth century and the available concrete materials used in the early twentieth century can direct influence the evolution of the floor structural systems which became an integral part of architectural design and typology. Structural principles of traditional floor construction techniques will be characterized and assessed in eight case studies tracing its structural systems in terms of their evolution. The subject matter will be approached in a descriptive manner for floor structural systems and the determination of mechanical properties of timber.</span></p> 2020-05-21T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Healthcare Governance Design in Blockchain 2020-07-03T01:54:26+08:00 George Garritsen Jan Veuger <p>As a technology, Blockchain will make an important contribution to organizing differently within profit, non-profit organizations and society. The aim of this reorganization is to reduce the pressure of regulation and work by digitally regulating the trust that is now often given by third parties. In addition, Blockchain goes over and through various processes, as a result of which third parties are no longer directly necessary due to the different organization of trust. What does organizing differently now mean for the use of coordination as a mechanism to steer organizations? This article, based on a thorough literature study will give an answer to this question. We looked at how coordination problems can be minimized by organizing it differently. Organizing differently here means no longer working from a central network but collaborating within a decentralized network with Blockchain as the technology. The interaction between the type of organization, the organizational policy, the processes, applications and infrastructure is essential in this respect, in which interoperability plays an important role. Blockchain ultimately contributes to reducing the response time of organizations, which in turn increases their adaptive capacity and therefore makes it possible to respond more quickly to changing market conditions, which are currently also occurring in the healthcare sector.</p> 2020-06-22T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##