International Journal of Applied Science https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ijas <p>International Journal of Applied Science (IJAS) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by IDEAS SPREAD INC. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of applied science. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field.<br>Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals. The scopes of the journal include, but are not limited to, the following fields: Agriculture, Biological Engineering and Application, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Applied Physics and Engineering, Applied Chemistry and Materials Sciences, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Computer and Information Sciences and Application, Energy, Environmental Science and Engineering, Mechanics, Metrology, Military Science, Space Science, Sports Science, Ergonomics, Health Sciences, Fisheries science, Food Science, Forestry and all the fields related to applied science.<br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> en-US <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).</p> ijas@ideasspread.org (Jack Wood) service@ideasspread.org (Technical Support) Mon, 07 Nov 2022 21:28:52 +0800 OJS 3.1.0.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Optimization of Condensate Transfer Pump in the Hydrocarbon Condensate Stabilization Unit of Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant – An Industrial Case https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/1120 <p>PT. Badak NGL is a commercial LNG producer located in Bontang, Indonesia. In recent years, the decline in LNG production of PT. Badak NGL results in a lower hydrocarbon condensate flow rate. To prevent power losses since its pump operated at below rating, a new operation scheme was proposed. This new scheme adjusts the way of pump is operated without any alteration in terms of pump characteristics. Three pumps operated intermittently for 8 hours per day at a maximum flow rate. The pump power consumption was calculated based on electric current data monitored by relay panel. The results show that the pump energy saved by 60% with the absolute value of annual energy efficiency of 957.7 MWh. This study contributes to reducing the greenhouse effect by 412 tons eq CO and the annual production cost of around USD 130,000. The new scheme reliability examines by evaluating pump vibration, pump performance, hydrocarbon condensate quality, and condensate tank liquid level. The result shows that the pump’s vibration in the range of 0.21 in/sec with a steady winding temperature.</p> Donny Ridwan Prihadi, Ronggo Ahmad Wikanswasto, Sunu Herwi Pranolo, Joko Waluyo, Firman Asto Putro ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/1120 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Superposition of Wave Functions in the G-Qubit Theory https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/1142 <p>Quantum computing rests upon two theoretical pillars: superposition and entanglement. But some physicists say that this is a very shaky foundation and quantum computing success will have to be based on a different theoretical foundation. The g-qubit theory supports that point of view. Current article is the first one of two and about the superposition principle. Quantum superposition principle states that any two quantum wave functions can be superposed, and the result be another valid wave function. It specifically refers to linearity of the Schrodinger equation. In the g-qubit theory quantum wave functions are identified by points on the surface of three-dimensional sphere . That gives different, more physically feasible, not mysterious, explanation of what the superposition is.</p> Alexander SOIGUINE ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/ijas/article/view/1142 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0800