Influence of Blockchain in the Real Estate Sector
In Which Stage of the Buying Process of Commercial Real Estate can Blockchain Provide Added Value for the Stakeholders Involved?
The two primary characteristics of real estate assets are their heterogeneity and immobility. Because of these two factors, the market for buying real estate tends to be illiquid, localized and highly segmented, with privately negotiated transactions and high transaction costs due to the involvement of a vast amount of trusted third parties (Ling & Archer, 2013). Because of these characteristics, and the opportunities Blockchain offers, the buying process of commercial real estate, and the involved stakeholders could be affected majorly by this technological phenomena. The lack of transparency, high transaction costs and the need for digitalization in commercial real estate companies give Blockchain its game-changing potential. The results have shown that the pre-marketing phase and due diligence phase are most suitable for the implementation of Blockchain. This due to the characteristics of the phases, characteristics of the stakeholders and the characteristics of Blockchain. The main aspect here can be focused on the added value of Blockchain as a data sharing program which could add value creating a more safe and secure way of sharing data. What should be mentioned is that the technology is in an early stage of development and therefore not (yet) suitable for the implementation in the real estate sector. Although multiple pilots and user cases could be mentioned, the technology needs to overcome some obstacles to be a beter success in the current buying process of commercial real estate.
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