Beyond the Color Line: A Postmodernist Reading of Ishmael Reed’s Flight to Canada
Though African American literature can be regarded by some theorists as a means of defining the racial self, a postmodernist reading of Ishmael Reed’s Flight to Canada delves into the intrinsic value of that literature which supersedes the traditional racial connotation ascribed to it. Reed not only castigates the metanarrative of the American cultural and democratic thought through the exposure of its inconstancies and the criticism of traditional ideas on race and ethnicity, but he also gives proof of his creative genius by operating a carnivalization of the novel genre itself.
Childs, P., & Roger, F. (2006). The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms, London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203462911
Douglas, F. (2009). Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglas, an American Slave, Written by Himself, London: England, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Reprint.
Fox, R. E. (2017). “Reed Ishmael” in African American Literature, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gates, H. L. (1988). The Signifying Monkey, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gottschalk, L. (1969). Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method, 2nd Edition, New York: Knopf
Greimas (Algirdas Julien), Du sens II, Paris: Ed. du Seuil, 1983.
Harris, W. J. (2014). “Black Aesthetics” in African American Literature, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harrold, S. (2019). American Abolitionism, Its Direct Political Impact from Colonial Times into Reconstruction, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvcszzs0
Hutcheon, L. (1988). A Poetics of Postmodernism, New York: Routledge
Jameson, F. (1991). Postmodernism or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Durham, Duke University Press. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822378419
King, M. L. (1963). “I Have a Dream”. Retrieved Jun 22, 2020 from https://www.archives.gov/files/press/exhibits/dream-speech.pdf
Martin, R. (1988). Ishmael Reed and the New Black Aesthetic Critics, London: The Macmillan Press Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-19166-6
Mc, P., & James, M. (2014). The Struggle for Equality; Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction, Princeton. New Jersey: Princeton University Press; Reprint.
Newman, R. S. (2009). The transformation of American Abolitionism, Fighting Slavery in the Early Republic, Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.
Reed, I. (1976). Flight to Canada, New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction.
Sale, M. (2006). “Historical Novel” in African American Literature, Oxford: Oxford University Press Quinn, Edward (2006) A Dictionary of Literary and Thematic Terms, New York: Facts on File, Inc.
Washington, B. T. (2009). Up from Slavery, New York: The Floating Press, Reprint.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).