Humanities and Social Science Research <p>Humanities and Social Science Research (HSSR) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by <span lang="EN-US">IDEAS SPREAD INC</span>. The journal focuses on the following topics: Anthropology, Sociology, Politics, Culture, Philosophy, Economics, Education, Management, Arts, Psychology, Archaeology, Classics, History, Linguistics and Languages, Law and Politics, Literature, Philosophy, Religion. <br>It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field. The journal carries original and full-length articles that reflect the latest research and developments in both theoretical and practical aspects of society and human behaviors. The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> en-US <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (</p> (Leon Cliff) (Technical Support) Thu, 17 Oct 2019 11:23:05 +0800 OJS 60 Implementation of Ecotourism Empowerment in Coastal Border of West Kalimantan <p>Development must be an important and strategic priority, especially in the coastal border village area to prevent economic disparity, community conflict, and national disintegration. The research aims to analyze the implementation of the empowerment of coastal border of West Kalimantan. The research used qualitative methods of Participatory Learning and Action (PLA), data were collected through in-depth interviews, observation, documentation analysis, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The research took place in the coastal border area of Temajuk Village, Paloh District, Sambas Regency, West Kalimantan. Informants heve been purposively selected namely activists, students, community leaders, village government, business groups, academics, and tourists. The research analysis through interactive models by collecting data, reduce, verification, categorization and conclusions. The results showed that (1) Implementation of empowerment can be carried out by conducting counseling and training so as to increase awareness, motivation, knowledge, skills and solidarity between participants from the younger generation who form ecotourism community development. (2) Community development has been successfully formed from a young generation with the name "The Borneo tail" to become an activist who preserves and manages the potential of ecotourism by having the spirit of being a public relations (tourism guide), promotional and marketing services, and typical food and beverage entrepreneurs. (3) Development must continue to be improved, namely road infrastructure, availability of electricity and access to telecommunications networks (internet) as a support in the development of ecotourism, especially in Temajuk Village which is still limited and dependent on Malaysian territory. (4) The village and regional governments, academics, activists of empowerment, environmentalists and tourists need to collaborate in carrying out sustainable ecotourism empowerment programs for Borneo tails as community development.</p> Toto Sugito, Adhi Iman Sulaiman, Ahmad Sabiq, Bambang Kuncoro, Muslih Faozanudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 17 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0800 Family-School Connections: Different Theoretical Perspectives and their Implications for Teacher Education <p>Family-school connections had received increasing attention in the past decades due to their potential benefits for children’s learning. However, the educational and research community is still working to give a clear explanation for what family-school connections really stands for, which is understood to be a complicated concept. This paper begins by presenting different definitions of family-school connections.&nbsp; Afterwards it will discuss various theoretical perspectives in this educational area, which includes: Piaget cognitive development theory (Piaget, 1981), Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory (Vygotsky, 1978), the funds of knowledge theory (Moll et al., 1992), Bourdieu’s social capital theory (Bourdieu, 1986), Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory (Velez-Agisto, et al., 2017), the overlapping family and school spheres&nbsp; (Epstein, 2011), &nbsp;Hoover-Dempsey &amp; Sandler framework (Hoover-Dempsey &amp; Sandler, 1995; 1997; 2005), &nbsp;and the structural and relational approach in understanding family-school connections (Kim &amp; Sheridan, 2015). The paper concludes with a discussion about the implications of these theoretical perspectives on the research and educational field.</p> Osama Al-Mahdi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0800 The Task and Ministry of Peacemaking in Mindanao: Understanding a Peacemaker’s Recipe for Peace <p>At a time when the role of religion in reducing global conflicts and the authority of its leaders are being questioned, studies that would link religion and conflict may fill in a gap in knowledge. To address this gap, this study seeks to gain an understanding of Orlando Cardinal Quevedo’s task and ministry of peacemaking in the long-running conflict in the Southern Mindanao region. Given the recent signing of the Bangsa Moro Organic Law as the highly expected solid basis for a peaceful and prosperous Mindanao, it is timely to look back and pay closer attention to the key role that he played as a peace advocate. To achieve this end, it organized and conducted a content analysis of his writings and interviews about peace and its imperatives. Findings show that his words, firmly rooted in the conflict’s historical past and yet open to the realities of the present, encompassed and helped disclose his practical wisdom, consensus-driven approach, and Catholic perspectives of its underlying issues and challenges.&nbsp;The lessons and insights that are uncovered from his writings may serve as a grounded recipe for those who would follow in his footsteps to learn and re-appropriated in a hopefully not an unending task and ministry of peacemaking in today’s world.</p> Noel G. Asiones ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 20 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0800 The Holistic Rehabilitation Model for Drug Addicts, Phubbing and Conduct Disorder in Boarding Schools <p>Human resources are important for the process of achieving development goals in addition to natural and economic resources, but by the cases of drug abuse and addiction as well as phubbing and conduct disorder among children and adolescents make serious problems and threats to the progress of national development. The boarding school has the function as an educational and social institution that actively carries out prevention and rehabilitation of drug abuse and conduct disorders. The research aims to creat the holistic rehabilitation models for drug addicts, phubbing, and conduct disorder in boarding school. The study used qualitative research method of phenomenology by determining informants purposively including foundation management, clients or rehabilitation patients, and counselors or assistants. The research location took place at the Nurul Firdaus Islamic Boarding School as rehabilitation center in Kertaraharja Village, Panumbangan District, Ciamis Regency, West Java Province of Indonesia. Data were collected by direct observation, dialogue and documentation. Data analysis is carried out through interactive models with stages of data collection, reducing, verification, triangulation, categorization and making conclusions. The results of the study showed that Nurul Firdaus Islamic Boarding School (1) Categorize and accept clients affected by drug abuse and addiction, phubbing, also conduct disorder. (2) Perform persuasive and therapeutic communication in holistic rehabilitation methods including medical, non-medical such as spiritual, herbal, cupping, and acupuncture, as well as therapeutic methods with psychotherapy and hypnotherapy. (3) Post rehabilitation as an important part in preventing further reusing of drugs, phubbing and conduct disorder by providing positive and productive media of interaction such as activities in the fields of education, entrepreneurship, sports, and becoming social activist organizations.</p> Adhi Iman Sulaiman, Agoeng Noegroho, Suryanto Suryanto, Sri Weningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0800 Impact of Rurality on Students’ Educational Transition in Lesotho. <p>The students’ views, from the secondary education in the rural areas in Lesotho, have been sought on the impact of rurality in relation to their transition from secondary education to higher education (in this regards, the National University of Lesotho (NUL). The students’ views were sought through their autobiographies. Autobiographical narratives were employed because it was assumed that they are a good tool for knowing oneself better. The study was qualitative, with the adoption of a case study research design. The participating students were drawn from three of the ten Lesotho districts that are situated in the rural areas. The purpose of the research study was to find out whether studying at the university has an impact on the students who have transited from secondary education in the rural areas and whether university education assists and prepares them to achieve their intentions and to reach a successful outcome.</p> <p>A purposively selected number of eleven (11) students from the rural areas formed the sample of the study. A one question questionnaire was designed to collect information on the students’ experiences from their NUL studies in relation to the transition from secondary education to higher education. An interpretative analysis was employed to unveil the results of the study. The research study finds that the students have deficiencies. Secondary education has not moulded them to have a sudden engagement with their studies in higher education. Many of them still require further training in study skills in order to cope with the academic demands of higher education. It is therefore recommended that NUL should have a programme that serves as a bridge between secondary and higher education.</p> 'Malimpho Elsie Seotsanyana, Mafa Maiketso ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 26 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0800 Chinese-Foreign Dual Degree Education Programs: Problems and Developments <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">This study researches the current status, problems, and development countermeasures of Chinese-foreign dual degree programs in Chinese higher education by using Microsoft Excel and geographic system information (GIS) software, including their types of degree, geographical distribution, and collaborative partners. The result shows a reasonable reginal distribution of Chinese-foreign dual degree program in higher education is a strong guarantee to promote the coordinated development of higher education. How to establish a common quality guarantee system and make the cooperation certificate-oriented is also need to further research.</span></p> Xiaoyu Luo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0800