Assessment of the Extent of Electrical Safety Practices Among Staff and Students of Electrical Engineering Department of Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Researchers globally conducted several studies on electrical safety awareness and practices for improving occupational safety and health of workers. However, most of these studies were limited to industry workers, with few focusing on academic workshops/laboratories, and almost none in the case of Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. This study therefore, aims to assess the extent of electrical safety practices among staff and students of electrical engineering department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. The authors used descriptive research design in which 50-item structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 42 staff and 99 students of electrical engineering department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. The results show that staff and students do not strictly observe electrical safety practices in the workshops/laboratories. The results also revealed the common causes of electrical accidents in the workshops/laboratories; nature of frequent electrical accidents; and measures to reduce electrical accidents and promote students’ compliance to electrical safety rules and regulations. The researchers limit this study to only department of electrical engineering in the faculty of engineering. Also, only quantitative data was collected from the respondents, without giving consideration to the in-depth information qualitative data (such as interview) would have provide. As such, conclusions derived using quantitative approach from the respondents relies on the genuineness of the information provided by them. The findings provide the faculty of engineering with a basis to introduce ‘Electrical Safety Awareness and Practices’ course into the curriculum.
Aigbodion, D. O., Orukpe, P. E., & Igbinovia, S. O. (2014). An Assessment of the Electrical Safety Awareness of Senior Secondary School Students.
Alake J. T. (1998). Need for safety Precaution in Secondary School Technical Workshops. Technical education today (NBTE), 8(1).
Araneo, R., Dehghanian, P., & Mitolo, M. (2019). Electrical Safety of Academic Laboratories. Paper presented at the 2019 IEEE/IAS 55th Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference (I&CPS). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPS.2019.8733357
BLS. (2015). Occupational injuries and illness and fatal injuries profiles database. Retrieved August16, 2019 from https://data.bls.gov/gqt/InitialPage
Boubaker, S., Mekni, S., & Jerbi, H. (2017). Assessment of Electrical Safety Beliefs and Practices: A Case Study. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 7(6), 2231-2235.
Burdge, G. F., & Floyd, H. L. (2016). Electrical Fatalities Reported by Federal OSHA for Calendar Year 2014 With Consideration of Design Interventions. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 52(6), 5271-5274. Digital Object Identifier. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2016.2592862
Campbell, R. B., & Dini, D. A. (2015). Occupational injuries from electrical shock and arc flash events: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-6508-3
Endroyo, B., Yuwono, B. E., & Mardapi, D. (2015). Model of learning/training of Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) based on industry in the construction industry. Procedia Engineering, 125, 83-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.11.013
Ersoy, M. (2013). The role of occupational safety measures on reducing accidents in marble quarries of Iscehisar region. Safety science, 57, 293-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.03.005
Groeneweg, J., Van Schaardenburgh-Verhoeve, K., Corver, S., Lancioni, G., & Knudsen, T. (2007). Accident investigation beyond the boundaries of organizational control. Paper presented at the Proceedings of Esrel 2007 Conference. ISBN 978-0-415-44786-7.
Gulhan, B., Ilhan, M. N., & Civil, E. F. (2012). Occupational accidents and affecting factors of metal industry in a factory in Ankara. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 10(2), 76. https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173067
Henderson, R. A. (2000). Modern Safety and Health Technology. New York: John Wiley and sons, Dyer, De and latching J.C safety education Nelson Publishing Company.
Hodgson, D. L., McKinney, M., & DeGrate, S. (2011). Increasing electrical safety by reducing the risk of arc flash hazards. Paper presented at the 2011 Record of Conference Papers Industry Applications Society 58th Annual IEEE Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference (PCIC). https://doi.org/10.1109/PCICon.2011.6085855
Idubor, E. E., & Oisamoje, M. D. (2013). An exploration of health and safety management issues in Nigeria’s effort to industrialize. European Scientific Journal, 9(12).
Jain, R. K. (2009). Production Technology. Khanna: Publishers Delhi. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207540701769958
Koo, K. E., Nurulazam, M. A., Rohaida, M. S., Teo, T. G., & Salleh, Z. (2014). Examining the potential of safety knowledge as extension construct for theory of planned behaviour: Explaining safety practices of young adults at engineering laboratories and workshops. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 1513-1518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.426
Mukhtar, N. (2014). Occupational Skills Required by Electrical Engineering Graduates of Universities for Effective Performance in Industries of Kano and Kaduna States, Nigeria. Unpublished M.TECH Thesis. Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger state, Nigeria.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (1998). Worker deaths by electrocution, a summary of NIOSH surveillance and investigative findings. Cincinnati (OH): Department of Health and Human Services.
Okafor, D. J. (1998). School Facilities Management in Nigeria: Right of Teachers and Students. Owerri: Kaybee Cee Publishers.
Onuaha, S. A. (2001). A study of Safety practices in selected secondary schools laboratory in Bida, Nigeria, Nigeria Journal of Technical Education.
Patrick, A. A., & Babatope, A. S. (2013). Nigerian Engineering Students’ Compliance with Workshop Safety Measures. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 3(2), 425-432.
Rahmani, A., Khadem, M., Madreseh, E., Aghaei, H. A., Raei, M., & Karchani, M. (2013). Descriptive study of occupational accidents and their causes among electricity distribution company workers at an eight-year period in Iran. Safety and health at work, 4(3), 160-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2013.07.005
Saba, T. M., Tsado, J., Raymond, E., & Adamu, M. J. (2014). The Level of Awareness on Electrical Hazards and Safety Measures among Residential Electricity User’s in Minna Metropolis of Niger State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE). https://doi.org/10.9790/1676-09510106
Sara, H. A. (2004). The concept of industrial safety. An unpublished lecture Notes for B.Ed (tech) programme in the department of education (technical) Kaduna Polytechnic.
Simpson, P. (1998). Car Mechanic Practical Magazine for modern car enthusiast and Trade No. 1 July 1998.
Soebagio, V. (2016). Problem and Project Based Learning in Sustainability Enterprise Management: Exploration of Students Cognitive and Affective Skills, Unpublished Master Thesis, Faculty of Business and Law, Auckland University of Technology.
Taylor, A. J., McGwin, G., Valent, F., & Rue, L. (2002). Fatal occupational electrocutions in the United States. Injury Prevention, 8(4), 306-312. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.8.4.306
Tureková, I., & Bagalová, T. (2018). Knowledge and Experiences of Safety and Health Occupation Risks among Students. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 8(5), 108-120. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijep.v8i5.8981
Umeokafor, N., Isaac, D., Jones, K., & Umeadi, B. (2014). Enforcement of occupational safety and health regulations in Nigeria: An exploration. European Scientific Journal, 3, 93-104.
Unnikrishnan, S., Iqbal, R., Singh, A., & Nimkar, I. M. (2015). Safety management practices in small and medium enterprises in India. Safety and Health at Work, 6(1), 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2014.10.006
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).