The Effect of Fertigation and Foliar Application of Seaweed’s Bio Stimulant on Banana Yield
In order to shed light on the effect of the seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) bio stimulant on the banana fruit, foliar application (Fo), fertigation(F1) and a mix of both interventions (M) were done during 2018-2019 season on banana plants grown in South Lebanon compared with control (Ctrl). The period between flowering and harvest, the bunch weight, the weight and dimensions of fruit, were measured during the study. The results showed that the shortest period between flowering and harvest was observed on samples treated through foliar application (Fo), less with fertigation and then the mix of both (M). Those treatments were very effective in stimulating the weight of bunch and length of fruit, while a significant increase in the weight of fruit was noticed when both applications were done together (M). All treated modalities showed better performance compared with control. There was no difference in the diameter of fruit between all treatments. Therefore, the application of eco-friendly seaweed-based bio stimulant would be beneficial for the time of harvesting, and the size of banana fruits.
Abetz, P., & Young, C. L. (1983). The Effect of Seaweed Extract Sprays Derived from Ascophyllum Nodosum On Lettuce and Cauliflower Crops. Bot Mar, 26, 487-492. https://doi.org/10.1515/botm.19220.127.116.117
Ahmed, F. F., Abdallah, A. S., & Sabour-Asmaa, M. T. (2003). Growth and Fruiting of Williams Banana as Affected by Some Antioxidant and Bio-Fertilizer Treatments. Minia Journal of Agricultural Research and Development, 23(1), 51-68.
Ali, N., Farrell, A., Ramsubhag, A., & Jayaraman, J. (2015). The Effect of Ascophyllum Nodosum Extract on the Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Tomato Grown Under Tropical Conditions. Journal of Applied Phycology, 28(2), 1353-1362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-015-0608-3
Bozorgi, H. R. (2012). Effects of Foliar Spraying with Marine Plant Ascophyllum Nodosum Extract and Nano Iron Chelate Fertiliser on Fruit Yield and Several Attributes of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L). ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 7, 357–362.
Briceno-Dominguez, D., Hernandez-Carmona, G., Moyo, M., Stirk, W., & Van Staden J. (2014). Plant growth promoting activity of seaweed liquid extracts produced from Macrocystis pyrifera under different pH and temperature conditions. Journal of Applied Phycology, 26, 2203–2210. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-014-0237-2
Danesh, R. K., Bidarigh, S., Azarpour, E., Moraditochaee, M., & Bozorgi, H. R. (2012). Study Effects Of Nitrogen Fertiliser Management And Foliar Spraying Of Marine Plant Ascophyllum Nodosum Extract On Yield Of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 4, 1492-1495.
Dombale, G. B., Dhutraj, S.V., & Syed. S. J. (2018). Effect of Foliar Application of Different Nutrients on Maturity Parameters, Finger and Bunch Characteristics and Yield of Banana Cv. Grand Naine. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6(3), 3651-3654.
El-Shamaa, M. S. (2001). Effect of Bio-Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Banana Plants (Williams CV.). Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32(1), 157-166.
FAO (2004, 2008, 2016, 2017). Retrieved from http://faostat.fao.org/
Hammam, M. S. (2003). Effect of Bio-Fertilization on Growth and Fruiting of Cavendish and Williams Bananas. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture, 30(1-2), 1-159, 67-81.
Hosam El-Deen, A. S., El-Shobaky, M. A., & Tourky, M. N. F. (2001). Effect of Yeast on Growth, Fruit Quality and Storage Life of Williams Banana. Mansoura University Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 26(7), 4483-4490.
Jeannin, I., Lescure, J. C., & Morot-Gaudry, J. F. (1991). The Effects of Aqueous Seaweed Sprays on the Growth of Maize. Bot Mar, 34, 469-473. https://doi.org/10.1515/botm.1918.104.22.1689
Khan, W., Rayirath, U. P., Subramanian, S., Jithesh, M. N., Rayorath, P., Hodges, D. M., & Prithiviraj, B. (2009). Seaweed Extracts as Biostimulants of Plant Growth and Development. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 4, 386-399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-009-9103-x
Koyama, R., Bettoni, M. M., Roder, C., De Assis, A. M, Roberto, S. R., & Mogor, A. F. (2012). Seaweed Extract of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) on Tomato Yield and Vegetable Development. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 55, 282-287. https://doi.org/10.4322/rca.2012.067
Kumari, R., Kaur, I., & Bhatnagar, A. K. (2011). Effect of Aqueous Extract of Sargassum Johnstonii Setchell & Gardner on Growth, Yield and Quality of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Journal of Applied Phycology, 23, 623-633. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-011-9651-x
Little, H. & Spann, T. M. (2010). Commercial Extracts of Ascophyllum nodosum(L.) Increase Growth and Improve Water Status of Potted Citrus Rootstocks under Deficit Irrigation. Hort Science. ASHS Annual Conference, August, 2-5.
Mahmoud, Kh. M. H. (2012). Reducing Inorganic N Fertilizer in Balady Mandarin Orchard Through Application of Extracts of Yeast, Seaweed and Farmyard Manure. M.Sc.Thesis Fac. of Agirc. Minia Univ, Egypt.
Merwad, M. M. A. (2011). Effect of Nitrogen Sources, Rates, Some Biostimulants And Antioxidants on Growth And Productivity Of Banana Plants. Ph.D.Thesis Fac.of Agric. Zagazig Univ. Egypt.
Nahed, G., Abdel Aziz, M., Mahgoub, H., & Siam, H. S. (2011). Growth, Flowering and Chemical Constituents Performance of Amaranthus Tricolor Plants as Influenced by Seaweed (Ascophyllum Nodosum) Extract Application under Salt Stress Conditions. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 7(11), 1472-1484.
Neily, W., Shishkov, L., Nickerson, S., & Norrie, J. (2010). Commercial Extract from The Brown Seaweed Ascophyllum Nodosum Improves Early Establishment and Helps Resist Water Stress in Vegetable and Flower Seedlings. Hort Science. ASHS Annual Conference, August, 2-5.
Neumann, D., & Zur-Nieden, U. (2001). Silicon and Heavy Metal Tolerance of Higher Plants. Phytochemistry, 56, 685-692. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00472-6
Norrie, J. (2014). Seaweed Extract and Their Application in Crop Management Programs. Atlantic Canadian Organic Regional Network. Retrieved from http://acornorganic.org/
Oraby, A. A. F. (2013). Partial Replacement of Inorganic Nitrogen Fertilizer by Spraying Some Vitamins, Yeast and Seaweed Extract in Ewaise Mango Orchard under Upper Egypt Conditions. M.Sc. Thesis Fac.of Agric. Minia Univ.Egypt.
Roshdy, Kh. A. (2014). Effect of Spraying Silicon and Seaweed Extract on Growth and Fruiting of Grandnaine Banana. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research, 92(3), 979-991.
Ross, R., & Holden, D. (2010). Commercial Extracts of the Brown Seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum Enhance Growth and Yield of Strawberries. HortScience. ASHS Annual Conference, August, 2-5.
Satish, L., Rameshkumar, R., Rathinapriya, P., Pandian, S., Rency, A. S., Sunitha, T., & Ramesh, M. (2015). Effect of Seaweed Liquid Extracts and Plant Growth Regulators On In Vitro Mass Propagation of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) Through Hypocotyl and Leaf Disc Explants. Journal of Applied Phycology, 27, 993-1002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-014-0375-6
Sawsan, A., Omran, Y. A. M. M., & Abd El-Hamid, H. M. (2010). Enhanced Productivity and Fruit Quality of Flame Seedless Grapevines Treated with Seaweed Extract. Journal of Plant Production, 1(12), 1625-1635.
Soliman, A. I. I., Hussein, M. H., Dessouki, S. A. S., & Torky Y. (2000). Production of Phytohormones By Using Some Blue Green Algae Used as Soil Inoculants for Rice Fields in Egypt. J. Union Arab Biol., Cairo, 88, 83-102. https://doi.org/10.21608/jpp.2010.86606
Subramanian, S., & Rayirath, U. P. (2009). Seaweed Extracts as Biostimulants of Plant Growth and Development. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 1, 386-399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-009-9103-x
United Nations (2014). World investment report 2014.United Nations publication.ISBN 978-92-1-112873-4.
Workman, D. (2019). Bananas Exports by Country. Retrieved from http://www.worldstopexports.com/bananas-exports-country/.
Zodape, S. T., Gupta, A., Bhandari, S. C., Rawat, U. S., Chaudhary, D. R., Eswaran, K., & Chikara, J. (2011). Foliar Application of Seaweed Sap as Biostimulant For Enhancement of Yield and Quality of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 70, 215–219.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).