https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/as/issue/feed Agricultural Science 2021-03-07T05:03:11+08:00 Eric Johnson as@ideasspread.org Open Journal Systems <p><em>Agricultural Science</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 2690-5396 e-ISSN 2690-4799) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by the IDEAS SPREAD&nbsp;in United States. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of agricultural science.&nbsp;Agricultural Science (AS) is quarterly, published in March, June, September and December.<br> <em>Agricultural Science</em> is striving to provide the best platform for researchers and scholars worldwide to exchange their latest findings. Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals. The journal is published in both print and online versions, and the online version is available for free.</p> https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/as/article/view/780 The Effect of Fertigation and Foliar Application of Seaweed’s Bio Stimulant on Banana Yield 2021-03-07T05:03:11+08:00 Edouard Tabet lina.f.azar@gmail.com Reem Al-Haf lina.f.azar@gmail.com Chadi Hosri lina.f.azar@gmail.com Zahi Zind lina.f.azar@gmail.com Lina Farah lina.f.azar@gmail.com Dalida Darazy lina.f.azar@gmail.com <p>In order to shed light on the effect of the seaweed <em>Ascophyllum nodosum</em> (L.) bio stimulant on the banana fruit, foliar application (Fo), fertigation(F1) and a mix of both interventions (M) were done during 2018-2019 season on banana plants grown in South Lebanon compared with control (Ctrl). The period between flowering and harvest, the bunch weight, the weight and dimensions of fruit, were measured during the study. The results showed that the shortest period between flowering and harvest was observed on samples treated through foliar application (Fo), less with fertigation and then the mix of both (M). Those treatments were very effective in stimulating the weight of bunch and length of fruit, while a significant increase in the weight of fruit was noticed when both applications were done together (M). All treated modalities showed better performance compared with control. There was no difference in the diameter of fruit between all treatments. Therefore, the application of eco-friendly seaweed-based bio stimulant would be beneficial for the time of harvesting, and the size of banana fruits.</p> 2021-01-29T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/as/article/view/738 Prevalence and Distribution of Cassava Bacterial Blight in the Kenyan Coast 2021-03-07T05:03:11+08:00 ANTONY livoi livoiantony@gmail.com A. W. Mwang' ombe livoiantony@gmail.com E. Nyaboga livoiantony@gmail.com D. Kilalo livoiantony@gmail.com E. Obutho livoiantony@gmail.com <p>Cassava (<em>Manihot esculenta</em> Crantz) is one of the staple food crops grown in Kenya. Diseases remain one of the major constraints for cassava production. Apart from other major viral diseaes Cassava mosaic and Cassava brown streak, Cassava bacterial blight (CBB) caused by <em>Xanthomonas axonopodis pv manihotis</em> and <em>Xanthomonas axonopodis pv cassavae</em> are a major constraint in cassava production in Kenya. This study was done to identify the prevalence, distribution, and farmers' knowledge of cassava bacterial blight in the coastal region of Kenya. A survey was conducted involving 250 farmers who were randomly selected from two regions of Kilifi and Taita Taveta counties. Among the 250 farmers interviewed, 61.6 % identified cassava bacterial blight symptoms in their farms. The main varieties found growing in the region were Tajirika, Karembo, Kibandameno, and Shibe which were all confirmed by farmers as susceptible to cassava bacterial blight. During the survey, plant samples were randomly collected in the field. Out of the 70 samples collected, 40 of them were confirmed positive with <em>X.pv manihotis</em> and <em>X.pv cassavae</em> which cause cassava bacterial blight. The study concluded that there is a widespread of cassava bacterial blight in Kilifi and Taita taveta counties. Kilifi County had the highest incidence of 22% with Taita Taveta having the lowest incidence of 13%. Kilifi County had a higher severity of 8% as compared to Taita Taveta which had 5% Severity. Therefore there is a need for a proper management program to be deployed in managing the disease to enhance cassava production in the region.</p> 2021-02-18T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##