Agricultural Science <p><em>Agricultural Science</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 2690-5396 e-ISSN 2690-4799) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by the IDEAS SPREAD&nbsp;in United States. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of agricultural science.&nbsp;<br> <em>Agricultural Science</em> is striving to provide the best platform for researchers and scholars worldwide to exchange their latest findings. Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals. The journal is published in both print and online versions, and the online version is available for free.</p> IDEAS SPREAD INC en-US Agricultural Science 2690-5396 <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (</p> Economic Analysis of the Controlled Drainage System: A Case Study of a Vegetable Farm in Ontario, Canada <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Water availability for crop production in many parts of the world, including Eastern Canada, is important, including availability to the root zone of the crops. Water table management is suggested to overcome these issues, if adopted by producers. But such adoption decisions often depend on the financial returns to producers. In this study, financial returns of a controlled drainage system were estimated over a subsurface drainage system using a private accounting stance. The BMP provided an additional return to producer of CAD $10,287 per ha over the life of the project, associated with a benefit-cost ratio of 1.6, making it financially desirable on economic grounds. </span></p> Mariela Marmanillo Suren N. Kulshreshtha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-02 2022-08-02 4 2 p1 p1 10.30560/as.v4n2p1 Effect of Adding Different Levels of Duckweed (Lemna minor Linn.) in the Diet on Live Body Weight, Hematological Traits and Production Cost of Free-range Chickens, Gallus domesticus Linn. (Black Austrolorp x Barred Playmouth Rock) <p>The present study was conducted at Bataan Peninsula State University Abucay Campus to evaluate the growth performance and hematological profile of <em>Gallus domesticus</em> Linn. (Black Austrolorp x Barred Playmouth Rock) chicken fed formulated diets of varying inclusions of lesser duckweed (<em>Lemna minor</em> Linn.). Three formulated treatments diets of homogenous crude protein level were prepared: 0% duckweed (control), 10% duckweed, and 15% duckweed inclusion. Five chickens (average weight 202.5 g) per replicate were reared in a single factorial experiment and the feeding trial was carried-out for three months. Chicken fed diet containing 15% duckweed meal treatment had significantly (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.05) higher body weight (1,425.88 ± 55.24 g) compared to chicken fed normal diet (1,223.48 ± 174.47 g). Mean cost to produce a kilogram of meat was significantly cheaper in the treated diets (<em>F</em> = 4.82; <em>P</em> &lt; 0.05). Mean values of hematological variables were not significantly different among treatments.</p> Hermogenes M. Paguia Rina Q. Paguia Jesus Rex A. Pinsel Steve Zaballa Abigail G. Abuan Mark Nell Castillo Corpuz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-22 2022-08-22 4 2 p16 p16 10.30560/as.v4n2p16 Agronomic Performance of Madre De Agua (Trichantera Gigantean Nees) Under Upland Area in Abucay, Bataan <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Madre de Agua (<em>Trichantera gigantean Nees</em>) is forage and considered a Multiple Purpose Tree Species used for ruminants and poultry animals with a good potential source of protein and contain good amino acid. Few studies were conducted in terms of the agronomic characteristics of the Madre de Agua prior to utilization as feeds and most studies conducted were mainly conducted to feed monogastric animals. The study intends to produce data for the agronomic characteristics of Madre de Agua as planted and produces a shaded portion of the upland area in BPSU Abucay Campus, Abucay, Bataan. The following parameters were gathered; Plant Height, Leaf to Stem Ratio, Herbage Yield, and Dry Matter Yield and Soil Analysis. Moreover, the following baseline data were used: the area with an elevation of 141.1 feet above sea level with an average rainfall of 296.45mm and temperature ranges from 26<sup>o</sup>C to 30<sup>o</sup>C during the duration of the study. Fertilizer requirements are based on the result of BSWM soil analysis (30g/tree ammonium phosphate, 169g/tree Urea, and 4kg/tree organic fertilizer) applied during and after transplanting with adequate irrigation.&nbsp; The study was carried out using systematic random sampling for plants. The result of agronomic characteristics in upland conditions showed that the average plant height of Madre De Agua was 110.50 cm, Leaf to Stem Ratio was 65.82%/34.18% per plant, herbage yield was 556.50 grams per plant, dry matter yield (oven dry) was 87.57% per plant. The established area for the production of the Madre de Agua will be utilized to provide a continuous source of feed to small ruminants and other monogastric species for future research in animal production.</span></p> Abigail Garcia Abuan Christian M. Balba Larry G. Nonan Jr. Cherlyn U. Gripo Hermogenes M. Paguia Gregorio J. Rodis Jovert M. Balba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-09-09 2022-09-09 4 2 p24 p24 10.30560/as.v4n2p24