Effects of Dicalcium Phosphate (DCP) and Vitamin E on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers

  • Tairan Ikbal Tairan Ikbal, Veterinary Surgeon, Upazila Livestock Office, Bangladesh
  • Sumitra Saha Department of Biotechnology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Keywords: broiler, body weight, dicalcium phosphate, vitamin E, hematological parameters, biochemical parameters


This study was conducted to assess the effect of DCP and vitamin E supplementation on body weight, hematological- (TEC, Hb content, PCV and ESR) and biochemical (AST and ALT) parameters of “Cobb 500” broiler. A total of 20 chicks (14 days old) were reared and randomly divided into four equal groups (n=5). Body weight was measured at each 7 days interval up to the end of the 35 days of experimental period.  Group A was considered as control, fed with commercial ration. Group B, C and D were treated with 1 gm DCP per kg feed, 1 ml vitamin E per litre of drinking water, and 1 gm DCP per kg feed plus 1 ml vitamin E per litre of drinking water with commercial ration, respectively from day 14 to day 35. It was observed that DCP and vitamin E supplementation significantly (p<0.01) increased body weight. Moreover, TEC and Hb content increased significantly (p<0.01) in the treated groups as compared to control. Besides, ESR, AST and ALT values decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the treated groups. Therefore, it may be concluded that DCP and vitamin E could be used to improve body weight gain and blood profiles without any detrimental effect to liver and muscle on broilers.


Abida, P., Khan, S. H., Khawaja, T., Iftikhar, N., & Khan, S. (2017). Growth Performance and Haemato-biochemical Parameters of Different Breeds of Rural Chickens. Journal of World Poultry Research, 7(3), 114-122.
Al-Gamal, M. A., Abdelrahman, A. S., Gihan, H. E., Arafa, M. M., & Abdelrafea, A. E. S. (2013). Study the impact of EDTA and vitamin E supplementation in diet on physiological, biochemical and histopathological pictures of broiler chicks. J. Am. Sci., 9, 543–562.
Ansarey, F. H. (2012). Prospects of poultry industry in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Seminar and Reception on Animal Husbandry Education and Profession in Bangladesh- A Journey of 50 Years, (AHEPB'12), Dhaka, Bangladesh, 62-65.
Colombo, M. L. (2010). An update on vitamin E, tocopherol and tocotrienol Perspectives. Molecules, 15, 2103–2113.
Driver, J. P., Pesti, G. M., Bakalli, R. I., & Edward, H. M. J. (2006). The effect of feeding calcium and phosphorus deficient diets to broiler chickens during the starting and growing finishing phases on carcass quality. Poultry Science, 85(11), 1939-1946.
Gao, J., Lin, H., Wang, X. J., Song, Z. G., & Jiao, H. C. (2010). Vitamin E supplementation alleviates the oxidative stress induced by dexamethasone treatment and improves meat quality in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 89, 318–327.
Hamid, M. A., Rahman, M. A., & Hossain, K. M. (2017). Status of Poultry Industry in Bangladesh and the Role of Private Sector for its Development. Review Article. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 11(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajpsaj.2017.1.13
Hart, E. B., Elvehjem, C. A., & Kemmerer, A. R. (1930). Does the Practical Chick Ration Need Iron and Copper Addition to Insure Normal Hemoglobin Building. Poultry Science, 9, 92.
Hemme, A., Spark, M., Wolf, P., Paschertz, H., & Kamphues, J. (2005). Effects of different phosphorus sources in the diet on bone composition and stability (breaking strength) in broilers. Animal Physiology and Nutrition (Berlin), 89(36), 129-133.
Hsueh, C. J., Wag, J. H., Dai, L., & Liu, C. C. (2011). Determination of Alanine Aminotransferase with an Electrochemical Nano Ir-C Biosensor for the Screening of Liver Diseases. Biosensors, 1(3), 107–117. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios1030107
Khan, R. U., Naz, S., Nikousefat, Z., Tufarelli, V., Javdani, M., Rana, N., & Laudadio, V. (2011). Effect of vitamin E in heat-stressed poultry. Worlds Poultry Science J., 67, 469–478.
Kitson, R. E., & Mellon, M. G. (1944). Colorimetric determination of phosphorus as molybdivanadophosphoric acid. Ind. and Eng. Chem., Anal. (Eds.), 16, 379-383.
Lauzon, D. A., Johnston, S. L., Southern, L. L., & Xu, Z. (2008). The effect of carrier for vitamin E on liver concentrations of vitamin E and vitamin E excretion in broilers. Poultry Science, 87, 934-939.
Lu, T., Harper, A.F., Zhao, J., & Dalloul, R.A. (2014). Effects of a dietary antioxidant blend and vitamin E on growth performance, oxidative status, and meat quality in broiler chickens fed a diet high in oxidants. Poultry Science, 93, 1649–1657.
McDowell L. R. (2000). Vitamin supplementation is a critical part of good animal nutrition. Poult. Abs, 15, 97.
McDwell, L. R., Williams, S. N., Hidiroglon, N., Nijera, C. A., Hill, G. M., Ochos, L., & Wilkinson, N. S. (1996). Animal Feed Science Technology, 60, 273.
Pompeu, M. A., Cavalcanti, L. F. L., & Toral, F. L. B. (2018). Effect of vitamin E supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, and immune response of male broiler chickens: A meta-analysis. Livestock Science, 208, 5–13.
Preston, G. M., McCracken, K. J., & McAllister, A. (2000). Effect of diet form and enzyme supplementation on growth, efficiency and energy utilization of wheat-based diets for broilers. British Poultry Science, 41, 324–331.
Rashid, M. H., Ahmed, N., Amin, M. R., & Mollah, M. L. (2015). Effects of selected vitamins and minerals on growth rate and hematological parameters in broilers. Asian J. Med. Biol. Res., 1(3), 487-494. https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v1i3.26466
Rizvi, S., Raza, S. T., Ahmed, F., Ahmad, A., Abbas, S., & Mahdi, F. (2014). The role of vitamin E in human health and some diseases. Sultan Qaboos Univ. Med. J., 14, 157–165.
Selim, N.A., Youssef, S.F., Abdel-Salam, A.F., & Nada, S.A. (2013). Evaluations of some natural antioxidant sources in broiler diets: 1-effect on growth, physiological and immunological performance of broiler chicks. Int. J. Poultry Science, 12, 561–571.
Sheffy, B. E., & Williams, A. J. (1981). Vitamin in Health and Diseases. Nutritional Abstract Review. (Series B), 54, 5519.
Simonsen, D. G., Wertman, M., Westover, L. M., & Mehl, J. W. (1946). The determination of serum phosphate by the molybdivanadate method. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 166, 747-755.
Steel, R. G. D., & Torrie, J. H. (1984). Principles and procedures of statistics, international student Ed., Tokyo (Japan), McGraw Hill.
Suttle, N. F., & Jones, D. G. (1989). Recent developments in trace element metabolism and function. Trace element, disease resistance and immune responsiveness in ruminants. Journal of Nutrition, 109, 1055-1061.
Toss, A. R., Hammad, A. M., & Rhagheb, R. R. (2003). Combating ochratoxicosis by some known antioxidant feed additives, Veterinary Medicinal Journal, 51(1), 29-40.
Trans, B., Inal, F., Bas, A. L., Altunok, V., Elmas, M., & Yazar, E. (2000). Effect of continuous supplementation of ascorbic acid, aspirin, vitamin E and selenium on performance immune response and some biochemical parameters under normal environmental and management conditions in broilers. Archiv-fur-Gerflugelkunde, 65, 187-192.
Tsao, M. U. (1952). Colorimetric determination of serum calcium. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 199, 251-257.
Watson, B. C., Matthews, J. O., Southern, L. L., & Shelton, J. L. (2006). The effects of phytase on growth performance and intestinal transit time of broiler fed nutritionally adequate diets and diets deficient in calcium and phosphorus, Poultry Science, 85(3), 493-497.