Influence of Establishment Methods on Yield and Yield Parameters of Finger Millet (Eleusine Coracana L. Gaertn) in Ward 24, Zaka District

  • Nyasha Sakadzo Department of Soil and Plant Sciences. Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe
  • Gift Bvekwa Department of Soil and Plant Sciences. Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe
  • Kasirayi Makaza Department of soil and plant sciences, Great Zimbabwe university, Zimbabwe
Keywords: finger millet, panicle number, hill, climate, compliant, yield, broadcasting, drilling

Abstract

Finger millet is a climate compliant crop; its production remains low due to poor establishment methods. A field experiment was conducted during the rainy season of 2018/19 at Dorcas Charare plot in ward 24, Zaka district to investigate the effects of establishment methods on yield and yield parameters of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn). The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three treatments namely broadcasting, hand drilling and transplanting replicated three times. Results on grain yield showed that transplanting method had the highest yield of 0.51t/ha whilst drilling and broadcasting scored 0.40t/ha and 0.35t/ha respectively. Transplanting method significantly (p<0.05) influenced higher number of tillers (7.13) per hill followed by drilling (2.40) and lastly broadcasting (2.13). Significant differences (p<0.05) were noted on panicle number with transplanting scoring the highest (8.13) and broadcasting the lowest (3.13). It can be concluded from the study that transplanting method realized a higher panicle number, tiller number and grain yield. Farmers must adopt transplanting as an establishment method in finger millet production.

Published
2020-01-30
Section
Articles