What can the EU Learn from the USA in the Field of Innovation?

  • Lindita Komani Research and Business Development at Campus Party, Tirana, Albania
  • Vito Bobek University of Applied Sciences FH Joanneum, Graz, Austria
  • Tatjana Horvat Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia
Keywords: innovation, open innovation, USA, the EU, the European Commission, defense, culture


The rationale for more European Commission (EC) support for Open Innovation is there, as a whole-of-society approach seems to be the best to address the challenges arising mainly from competition at the global level. This paper supported this view and was built as a case study research paper based on the EU and USA case studies. In the first sections, a theoretical framework is built, which establishes a link between R&D, innovation, and competitiveness, introduces culture and military as factors influencing innovation, and shows how open innovation has changed innovation. A discussion evolves regarding the current position of the EU and EU countries in terms of innovation and what the EC is undertaking to address the identified challenges. The core section is dedicated to the case study, elaborates benchmarks, gains learnings from a country successful in the field of (open) innovation such as the USA, and suggests what the EC could concretely implement in the case of the EU. The outlook section suggests a few possible areas for future research and policies.

Author Biographies

Lindita Komani, Research and Business Development at Campus Party, Tirana, Albania

Mrs. Komani has experience in founding of companies and consultancy. She is active at Kompass Inc.and Campus Party Tirana. She completed  Master of Science in the European Project and Public Management at the University of Applied Sciences FH Joanneum, Graz, Austria, with Distinction (for an outstanding examination, mark 1.0). 


Tatjana Horvat, Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia

Prof. Tatjana Horvat works as an associate professor for Accountant and auditing at the University of Primorska, Slovenia. She is a Certified State Internal Auditor (licensed by Ministry of Finance RS) and Certified Internal Auditor for Business Sector and Certified Accountant (licensed by Slovenian Institute of Auditors). At the Ministry of Justice of Slovenia, she is a member of examination boards for court expert candidates and judicial appraisers in the following areas: economy/ finance, valuation of companies, banking, and forensic investigation of economic operations/ accounting. She has written more than 300 scientific and professional papers for international journals and conferences, books and manuals in the area of business accounting, public finance, and auditing. She was a guest of many international scientific and business conferences and universities.


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