Assessment of the Status and Prospects of Agricultural Communities: Input to Support Commercialization and Farm-Tourism Promotion Schemes
Capitalizing on the potential of Farm Tourism as a catalyst for community development and an alternative source of income for farmers, the study was conducted to assess the status and challenges faced by agricultural communities in the town of Hermosa, Province of Bataan, Philippines to generate information to evaluate the tourism prospects of its farm sites. The study made use of an embedded mixed-methods design to assess the farms quantitatively and determine the status and challenges in farming as experienced by the farmers. It was revealed that farm sites with the highest potential to be farm tourism destinations bearing scenic landscapes and cultural value are located in upland areas, mostly privately owned ranging from 1 to 4 hectares in size with variable harvest seasons applying the traditional way of farming. Accessibility is subject to the specific area, with minimal access to basic utilities and site facilities but with provisions for development. Emerging themes as to the status and challenges faced by farmers are inadequacy of resources; fluctuating productivity; vulnerability of the quality of produce and profit unpredictability. Farm Communities may work together with the Government to maximize and exhaust their fullest potential to generate alternative sources of livelihood through Tourism while maintaining food security.
Ba, Qing-Xiong (2018). Traditional Farming and Sustainable Development of an Indigenous Community in the Mountain Area—A Case Study ofWutai Village in Taiwan. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/10/3370?type=check_update&version=1
Bataan Project Management Office ICM Program. (2006). Bataan Sustainable Development Strategy. Province of Bataan, PPDO Provincial Capitol, Capitol Compound, Balanga City.
Business World. (2019). Farm Tourism Gaining Ground in PHL. Retrieved on January 19 from https://www.bworldonline.com/farm-tourism-gaining-ground-in-phl/
Dela, C. E. (2017). A Guide to the Philippines’ Most Amazing Fiestas. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://theculturetrip.com/asia/philippines/articles/a-guide-to-the-philippines-most-amazing-fiestas/
Department of Agriculture. (2016). Administrative Order 4 Series of 2016. General Guidelines in the implementation of Farm -To- Market Road Development Program (FMRDP).
Department of Tourism. (2017). Tourism Guidebook for Local Government Units (Revised Edition). DOT. Manila. ISBN 978-971-91303-9-0
Dudovskiy, J. (2018) The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: A Step-by-Step Assistance. Retrieved on August 16, 2018 from https://research-methodology.net/research-methods/qualitative-research/interviews/
Domingo, R. (2019). Farm tourism growing in PH. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://business.inquirer.net/280507/farm-tourism-growing-in-ph
Gayo, J (2011). Agritourism: A new frontier. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://www.bworldonline.com/content.php?section=Opinion&title=agritourism-a- new-frontier-&id=36556
Gatdula, D. (2013). Region III emerging as major tourism draw. Philstar Global. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://www.philstar.com/business/2013/10/19/1246782/region-iii-emerging-major-tourism-draw
Google Maps. (2020). Hermosa Map. Retrieved on February 12, 2020 from https://www.google.com/maps/place/Hermosa,+Bataanfirstname.lastname@example.org,120.5642955,11.15z/data=!4m13!1m7!3m6!1s0x339614e301987889:0x6ae0cb8f5ee13d48!2sBataan!3b1!8m2!3d14.6416842!4d120.4818446!3m4!1s0x339668e628e56a5d:0xe2cb1dc3ae704bb6!8m2!3d14.8269127!4d120.4242325
Le, C. (2017). What Food Tells Us About Culture. Retrieved on September 16, 2018, from https://freelymagazine.com/2017/01/07/what-food-tells-us-about-culture/
National Geographic Society. (2020). Rural Area. Retrieved on November 2, 2020, from https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/rural-area/
One Town, One Product. (OTOP). (2018). Philippines, Retrieved on September 16, 2018 from https://www.dti.gov.ph/programs-projects/otop
Official Gazette. (2016). Republic Act No. 10816 “Farm Tourism Development Act of 2016”. Retrieved on February 10, 2019 from https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2016/05/16/republic- act-no-10816/
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). The Impact of Culture on Tourism. Retrieved on September 16, 2018 from http://www.oecd.org/cfe/tourism/theimpactofcultureontourism.htm
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2015). Special Report - Highlights of the 2012 Census of Agriculture (2012 CA). Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://psa.gov.ph/content/special-report-highlights-2012-census-agriculture-2012-ca
Sage Research Methods. (2020). Purposive Sampling. Retrieved on February 11, 2020 from https://methods.sagepub.com/reference/encyclopedia-of-survey-research- methods/n419.xml
Trading Economics. (2014). Philippine Agricultural Land. Retrieved on February 10, 2019 from https://tradingeconomics.com/philippines/agricultural-land-percent-of-land-area-wb-data.html
TMC Financing. (2019). Lease vs Own: Tax Benefits of Buying a Building for your Business. Retrieved on November 2, 2020 from https://www.tmcfinancing.com/tax-benefits-to-buying-a-building-for-your-business/
Universität Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona. (2019). "What most attracts us to a tourist destination? Attractions, culture and gastronomy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 April 2019. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190408114002.htm
World Atlas. (2019). Geography Statistics of Philippines. Retrieved on February 10, 2019 from https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/philippines/phlandst.htm
World Tourism Organization. (2012). Global Report on Food Tourism, UNWTO, Madrid. Retrieved on September 16, 2018 from http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/amreports4-foodtourism.pdf
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).