Modern Health Science https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs <p>Modern Health Science (MHS) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by IDEAS SPREAD INC. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of health science. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field.<br>Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals.<br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> IDEAS SPREAD INC en-US Modern Health Science 2576-7291 <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).</p> Epstein Barr Virus and Atrial Fibrillation https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs/article/view/231 <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Atrial fibrillation (AF) is very frequent and clinically significant arrhythmia. The incidence of atrial fibrillation is continuously rising. Meanwhile several risk factors for AF development have been identified but the etiology is not cleared.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A systematic review and re-analysis of studies which investigated the relationship between AF and some risk factors was conducted. The method of the conditio sine qua non relationship, the method of the conditio per quam relationship, the method of the exclusion relationship and the mathematical formula of the causal relationship k were used to proof the hypothesis. Significance was indicated by a p-value of less than 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The studies analyzed were able to provide direct and indirect evidence that AF is caused by a process of inflammation while a direct identification of the factor causing AF was not possible. Still, it appears to be very probable that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of AF.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Atrial fibrillation (AF) appears to be caused by an EBV inflammatory process.</p> Ilija Barukcic ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 2 1 p1 p1 10.30560/mhs.v2n1p1