https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs/issue/feed Modern Health Science 2021-07-13T07:50:15+08:00 Lacy Brown mhs@ideasspread.org Open Journal Systems <p>Modern Health Science (MHS) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by IDEAS SPREAD INC. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in all areas of health science. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field.<br>Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original works that are not under review in any other journals.<br>The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs/article/view/801 Attitudes of Primary Pregnant Women Toward Preference of Birth Method in Dezful, Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study 2021-07-13T07:50:15+08:00 Mahnaz Nosratabadi mahnaz.nosratabadi@gmail.com Nasrin Sarabi mahnaz.nosratabadi@gmail.com Leila Masoudiyekta mahnaz.nosratabadi@gmail.com Zahra Abbaspoor mahnaz.nosratabadi@gmail.com Aziz Kassani mahnaz.nosratabadi@gmail.com <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Choosing the birth method is a major issue for pregnant women that is affected by multifaceted physiological, psychological and socio-cultural factors.</p> <p><strong>Aim(s):</strong> The aim research was performed to explore factors influencing pregnant women’s attitude toward birth method.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a cross-sectional study on 220 healthy nulliparous pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies without any contraindication for vaginal birth in Medical Centers of Dezful, in the south west of Iran. Data collection tool was a questionnaire for factors affecting the choice of delivery method. Differences in attitude were compared between two groups of natural vaginal delivery preference and cesarean delivery preference. Statistical <em>analysis</em> was performed <em>with SPSS Version</em> 16.0 statistic <em>software</em> package. Descriptive statistics were used to report percentages, mean, and standard deviation, and t-test, chi-square were applied to analyze the data.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>During the study period, 206 primary pregnant women were examined to determine the attitudinal influencing factors the birth method preference. 131 women (64%) chose the natural delivery method and 71 women (36%) chose the cesarean delivery method<strong>.</strong> In addition, the results showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the general attitude of the participants towards natural delivery (164.43 in the normal vaginal delivery (NVD) group versus 134.50 in the cesarean section (CS) group (p &lt; 0.001)).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a direct relationship between the attitude of pregnant women towards vaginal birth and the tendency to normal vaginal delivery and cesarean section. Also, according to the results of the study of 8 components of attitudes, counseling sessions and prenatal training sessions can be identified based on counseling needs and be guided counseling sessions more purposefully.</p> 2021-04-25T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs/article/view/860 The Impact of Antihypertensive Agents on Health-Related Quality of Life of Hypertensive Patients 2021-07-13T07:50:13+08:00 Wajeeha Siddique wajeehasiddique60@gmail.com Noman Haq nomanhaq79@gmail.com Maria Tahir maria27.pharmd@gmail.com Ghulam Razzaque Razaque razaque_pharmacyuob@yahoo.com <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Chronic diseases and their treatment regimen plays a greater role in determining the patient related health outcomes of which one is Health Related Quality of Life. Hypertension itself along with its pharmacotherapy impacts HRQoL of hypertensive patients. The primary objective of the study was to determine the impact of f hypertensive medications on the health-related quality of life among hypertensive patients with the secondary objective to assess which medication significantly affects health related quality of life of hypertensive patients. A quantitative questionnaire based cross-sectional survey was undertaken in outpatient departments of Sandeman Provisional Hospital (SPH) Quetta using an EQ-5D-3L to determine the Health-Related Quality of Life. Convenience Sampling technique was used for data collection. Majority of respondents (8.7%) had no problem in first three domains while having some problem in pain and anxiety domains. Following them 7.6% of patients had some problems in all domains of the EQ5D tool. Moreover. the ACE Inhibitors and Diuretics impacts HRQoL of patients of current study. A total of 263 participated in the study of which (25%) of the respondents were of age group 48 -75 years old and were married 73.4% mostly. Majority (8.7%) had no problem in first three domains while having some problem in pain and anxiety domains. ACE Inhibitors and Diuretics significantly influence the health status of hypertensive patients acquiring pharmacotherapy. It was concluded that antihypertensive agents have a significant impact on HRQoL of hypertensive patients especially Angiotensin Converting Enzymes and Diuretics, which show significant impact on HRQoL of hypertensive patients. However, it is also suggested to assess the impact of antihypertensive therapies given in combination must also be studied in order to provide health professionals a better understanding of their prescribed regimen to improve patient related health outcomes. </span></p> 2021-05-17T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/mhs/article/view/867 Impact of Socio-Demographic Characteristics on the Pattern of Skin Diseases Attending Different Dermatology Department of Public Hospitals Quetta, Pakistan 2021-07-13T07:50:10+08:00 Noman ul Haq nomanhaq79@gmail.com Tabassum Sehar tabassumsaher0333@gmail.com Maria Tahir maria27.pharmd@gmail.com Yasmin Shah yasminshah122@gmail.com Aqeel Nasim aqeel_nasim@yahoo.com Fakhra Batool sohailfakhra@yahoo.com Muhammad Saood saoodsky8@gmail.com <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The study was conducted to determine the pattern of skin diseases affecting by the socio-demographic characteristics of the patients visiting the dermatology department of public hospitals in Quetta, Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken using a self prepapred proforma to compile the data while interviewing the patients attending the Dermatology Department of two public hospitals of Quetta, Pakistan, in order to determine the relationship between the demographic characteristics of patients and pattern of skin diseases. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 503 patients were enrolled in the study. Majority of the participants (33.8%) were categorized in the age group of 21-30 years. The most common patterns of skin diseases seen in outpatient department were eczema (21.5%), scabies (19.7%) and bacterial infections (12.7%). Inferential statistics revealed a significant relationship (p=0.001) between pattern of skin diseases and age, education, house occupancy, location and living standards of the study participants. Most of the patients were found to be living in a combined family system (65.6%), with poor living standards (81.7%) and uneducated (51.1%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong> The current study presented that eczema and infectious diseases were the most common pattern of skin diseases in Quetta and they are significantly related&nbsp; with socio-demographics of the patients so it can be concluded that better health education, maintaining personal hygiene, and improvement in the standard of living may aid a lot in managing and preventing the common skin diseases.</p> 2021-05-27T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##