Language Teaching https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt <p>Language Teaching (LT) is a double-blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promoting scholarly exchange among teachers and researchers in the field of Language Teaching. The journal is published semi-annual in both print and online versions. The scope of Language Teaching (LT) includes the following fields: Theory and practice in language teaching and learning, second language learning and teaching, language teachers’ training and education.</p> IDEAS SPREAD INC en-US Language Teaching 2770-0984 <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br> This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).<br> </p> A Study of the Grading of English Language Scripts of Technical University Students in Ghana https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt/article/view/785 <p>This paper assesses how English language texts of Technical University (TU) students in Ghana are graded. In their quest for their certificates, Higher National Diploma (HND) students are required to write Communication Skills I and II papers in the first year. Nonetheless, most HND students do not normally perform well in these two courses. The objectives of the paper were, therefore, to find out the type of errors TU students make; and the influence that Direct Corrective Feedback (DCF) has on their texts. The paper was grounded in Noticing Hypothesis theoretical framework. The design of the research was sequential exploratory mixed method (Note 1). The participants for the study were selected from four technical universities – Ho, Koforidua, Kumasi, and Sunyani Technical Universities. From each of the technical universities, 20 participants were randomly selected. Therefore, the sample size, in terms of the participants, was 80. However, 240 raw data were collected. That is each of the 80 participants composed one letter at the pre-test stage. After grading their scripts with DCF technique, the participants were, again, asked to compose another letter at the post-test stage. Also, the participants were made to fill questionnaire item each. SPSS and BLAF were used in analyzing the questionnaire items and the scripts respectively (Note 2). The findings of the study showed that DCF treats written errors effectively. The study, therefore, recommends that assessments of letter-based tasks of TU students should be made up of both pre- and post-test items, and DCF should be used in assessing HND students’ letter or essay-based scripts.</p> Edward Owusu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 1 1 p1 p1 10.30560/lt.v1n1p1 Culture and Pedagogy of MEQs https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt/article/view/866 <p>It is claimed that MEQ is multidimensional and it is complex to agree on what those dimensions are and how they interrelate. The main objective of this study is to investigate the culture and Pedagogy of MEQs. Using four dimensions of cultural framework, the underlying pedagogies for the MEQ was identified. The results of the literature reviews show that the cultures of the MEQ are individualist, weak uncertainty avoidance and small power distance, which indicates the Western concept. It has also uncovered that MEQs interrelates to the concept of motivation and enjoyment. The recommendation is for university to have a permanent MEQ staff to give staff development opportunity on the MEQ pedagogy and culture to improve their quality assurance and accountability. It is also recommended to create MEQ software which incorporates additional quantitative data such as class attendance rates and other descriptive statistics which describe the class (i.e. minimum, maximum and average) to minimise the bias effect of the teaching staff and students and increase validity and reliability of MEQs. This paper may be of use for MEQ designers, teaching staff, quality assurance staff, student experience staff, HR staff and executive board members.</p> Junko Winch ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-05 2021-05-05 1 1 p12 p12 10.30560/lt.v1n1p12 Glossophobia: The Fear of Public Speaking in ESL Students in Ghana https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt/article/view/845 <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Glossophobia, an individual’s anxiety of public speaking, has been observed to be a common phenomenon among students. The present study explores factors associated with glossophobia among ESL students of a tertiary institution in Upper-West Ghana, the Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, Wa and makes recommendations for improvement in their public speaking skills. The study combined both quantitative and qualitative research approaches in an opinion poll involving 46 participants from the Level 300 class of the Secretaryship and Management Studies of the Business School. Participants acknowledged the importance of public speaking, but conceded that at some point in their student lives, when they had to speak in public, glossophobia prevented them from making a good impression on the audience. Speaking English before a crowd was identified as the most dreaded experience. Low self-confidence in speaking in public; lack of constant speaking experience and lack of knowledge in public speaking; fear of making mistakes and being laughed at; inadequate preparation and timidity were also identified as challenges affecting participants’ ability to speak English in public. To help students overcome that phobia, the study recommends that lecturers should adopt an interactive approach combined with the appropriate communication strategies to promote positive attitudes and create the desirable atmosphere for boosting students’ confidence. Lecturers should also organise seminars on public speaking skills and encourage regular individual oral presentation in class so students can practise to develop positive attitudes towards public speaking. </span></p> Solomon Ali Dansieh Edward Owusu Gordon Abudu Seidu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-21 2021-05-21 1 1 p22 p22 10.30560/lt.v1n1p22 Teachers’ Feedback on a New Variety of English: The Case of Hong Kong English https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt/article/view/868 <p>The present short report reveals how teachers of English in Hong Kong (HKTEs) react to Hong Kong English (HKE). By employing a mixed method approach consisting of 100 survey responses and 28 interviews, types of feedback and activities teachers use when they encounter HKE in classroom were recorded and reported. The results showed that the two types of teachers of English – Native and Non-native English speakers – provided different kinds of responses because of the differences in attitude they held toward new varieties of English. The current study potentially sheds light on how different varieties of English could fit in traditional ESL curricula. Further research is warranted on how the feedback may affect English acquisition among Hong Kong students and whether the feedback brings positive or negative effects to the students.</p> Ka Long Roy Chan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 1 1 p36 p36 10.30560/lt.v1n1p36 The Perceptions of Saudi English Teachers about their Contribution to the Development of English Curriculum in Saudi Arabia https://j.ideasspread.org/index.php/lt/article/view/852 <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">The current research investigated the perceptions of Saudi English teachers about their contribution to the development of English curriculum with the Ministry of Education (MOE). Also, this research sought to know the role of Saudi English teachers in developing English curriculum in Saudi Arabia. To obtain teachers’ perceptions, an online questionnaire was designed via google forms with open and close-ended questions along with a Likert scale section. It was shared with the Saudi Faculty of English account on Twitter. The major cause of conducting this research was to raise the awareness of including Saudi English teachers in developing English curriculum, and to make this process as a collaborative effort among various stakeholders and English teachers. The findings indicated the absent role of Saudi teachers and the lack of their involvement in developing English curriculum in Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the results showed their willingness to participate and be part of this process. </span></p> Lujain Jaza AlSehli ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 1 1 p42 p42 10.30560/lt.v1n1p42