Land Science <p><span lang="EN-US"><em>Land Science &nbsp;</em>(ISSN 2690-5418 e-ISSN 2690-4802)&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by the IDEAS SPREAD in United States. Land Science&nbsp;is quarterly, published in March, June, September and December. It publishes original research, applied, and educational articles in land use/land change, land management, land system science and landscape, etc.</span></p> <p>Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research in as much detail as possible. Full experimental and/or methodical details must be provided for research articles.</p> en-US <p>Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.<br>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (</p> (Lucas Williams) (Technical Support) Sun, 10 Jan 2021 12:24:30 +0800 OJS 60 Law Enforcement Agencies in Disaster Response in Nepal: Analyzing the Competency of the Nepal Police and the Armed Police Force <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Although Nepal Police and Armed Police Force are the key responding tools of disaster response in Nepal, their response competency does not suffice the need for effective response. Applying quantitative research methodology, this research has in-depth investigated the fundamental and technical knowledge, and preparedness activities of such police personnel. Ultimately it was discovered that their knowledge and preparedness are not adequate to meet the need. On the other hand, the practice of the usage of disaster untrained police personnel in response operations is prevalent in the country. And this tendency is not only risking the life of the disaster victims but also putting the responders’ lives at stake. Amidst such bleakness, during the investigation, the perception of the police personnel on their engagement in disaster response was found highly aspiring. Indeed this tendency will work as the force multiplier if their capacity is enhanced properly. The study has further investigated that the lethargic national investment in the disaster response capacity building process is the fundamental problem in terms of the competency building process. Heavy reliance on foreign aids and national and international non-government agencies has not only increased the dependency on capacity building process but also mired the national mechanism turning responsible authorities and institutions lethargic.</span></p> Malla S. B., Dahal R. K., Hasegawa S. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 10 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Child Stunting and Land Degradation under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Evidence from 23 Developing Countries <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">Child stunting and land degradation have received an increasing attention from scholars and practitioners. Both of them are also measured by indicators under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the research on the relationship between child stunting and land degradation is insufficient, especially with the perspective of SDGs. This article uses empirical data of 23 developing countries to explore the relationship between child stunting and land degradation, with the controlling of GDP per capita of the selected countries. Path analysis is added into the traditional OLS method. The results show that land degradation has little impact on child stunting in the selected developing countries, but socioeconomic status affect child stunting significantly. A number of explanations and implications are generated. In particular, several developing countries’ strong reliance on food importation may be a reason of why land degradation does not affect child stunting. The interactions between different SDGs are also noted.</span></p> Suyu Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0800