Culture and History 2021-08-17T15:59:37+08:00 Marion Leboyer Open Journal Systems <p>Culture and History (CH) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal with both print and online versions. CH encourages high-quality submissions. In order to carry out our non-discrimination principles, we use a double-blind system of peer review. CH covers the entire spectrum of research, including the following&nbsp;<strong>topics</strong>: culture, history, arts, anthropology, archaeology, religion, philosophy, politics, education, laws and linguistics.</p> The Democracy Vs Totalitarianism in the Political Philosophy 2021-07-17T14:10:24+08:00 Alexandru Arseni Veronica Pozneacova <p>The entire political philosophy of humanity is focused on the antagonism between two political regimes, two basic ideas that explain, argue and legitimize the state power’s system, namely, the totalitarian and the democratic political regime. Since Antiquity, the brilliant minds of humanity contemplated about the sense of state power and the political regime of the state. Each epoch analyses this concept from different aspects and some of them are reflected in the actual political regime. We would pay attention to the conversation through the ages between the philosophers of Antiquity, Meddle Age, Modernity and Contemporaneity about the most important ideas of the totalitarian and the democratic political regimes. This article is a study dedicated to determining the specific of these political regimes in the background of the idea’s history. In this context, we have outlined the following objectives: to identify the specific aspects of totalitarianism in the Antiquity, Meddle Age and Contemporaneity, to analyze the concept of democratic political regime developed in the Modernity as philosophical support of The Great French Revolution; to examine the positive and the negative aspects of this doctrines; to determine the causes of the triumph of totalitarianism in the XX<sup>th</sup> century. As a result of the research, we aimed to determine the psychological reasons that force people to obey the totalitarian regime. This research paper focuses on the antagonism between these important philosophical and political doctrines that is present in the modern doctrine of constitutional law.</p> 2021-07-17T14:10:24+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Serbo-Croatian War, 1991-1995: Vision of Ukrainian Minority in Croatia 2021-07-17T14:41:42+08:00 Mykola Nahirnyi <p class="text"><span lang="EN-US">This article considers the situation of the Ruthenian-Ukrainian diaspora in Croatia during the Serbo-Croatian War (1991-1995). The specifics of Rusyn and Ukrainian attitude to opposing parties are covered, an evolution of their sights concerning the War is shown. The policy of the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina towards national minorities is characterized. The consequences of the Serbo-Croatian War on the situation of the Ukrainian diaspora in Croatia are analyzed. </span></p> 2021-07-17T14:30:30+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ukrainian National Identity in Donetsk Region: Problems and Development Trends from the End of the XIX - to the Beginning of the XXI Century 2021-08-17T15:59:37+08:00 Julia Sytnyk Olexander Sytnyk <p>In the context of the modern military-political conflict in Donbass, the national identity of the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region attracts considerable attention. After all, it is thanks to the self-determination and self-identification of the individual that an adequate national and political identity is formed. But as a result of the post-totalitarian syndrome, Ukrainian society was unable to achieve this. The national identity of the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region during the period from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century underwent a rather complex transformation (first of all, a significant Russification). As a result, there was a deformation of cultural and national identity and a leveling of consciousness. Subsequently, this led to a crisis in the socio-political position of the individual and the population of this region. During the existence of the totalitarian regime in the Ukrainian SSR, a process of total Russification was observed. At the same time, the main blow was directed at the national identity of the inhabitants of the industrial regions of Ukraine, in particular - Donbass. During the 1920s - 1930s, the Ukrainian nation in general and the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region in particular experienced the formation of a Bolshevik totalitarian regime. At the same time, the latter set himself the goal of destroying the national consciousness and identity of Ukrainians. During the 1940s - the first half of the 1980s, a process of total Russification was observed in the Ukrainian SSR. As a result, the national identity of the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region was significantly damaged. The period of the second half of the 1980s - early 1990s marked a gradual departure from the denationalized self-consciousness of the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region. However, it was not easy to get rid of the Soviet stereotypes imposed on citizens for decades. It was at this time that the process of national revival began in the Donetsk region. As a result of the formation of the Donetsk Regional Society of the Ukrainian Language named after Taras Shevchenko, a new perspective for the active development of the national identity of the Ukrainians of the Donetsk region appeared. The population of the region was able to make a choice in the direction of independent national and cultural development. However, at the beginning of the ХХІst century, the doctrine of the "Russian World" began to spread actively on the territory of the Donetsk region. This resulted in the Russian occupation and the emergence of the quasi-formation of the “DPR” in April 2014.</p> 2021-08-17T00:00:00+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##